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内向的10个事实 – 译学馆
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内向的10个事实

10 Interesting Facts About Introverts

关于内向的10个事实
10 facts about introverts
一 内向有4种类型
One, there are four types of introverts.
社交型 思维型 焦虑型 约束型
Social, thinking, anxious and restrained.
社交内向作为内向的传统定义
Social introversion is what’s commonly accepted and understood
是人们通常所接受和理解的内向
as the stereo typical definition of introversion.
社交内向的人偏好独处
Social introverts prefer solitude,
或者小范围聚会 而不是大型聚会
or small groups of people over large gatherings.
他们更喜欢一个人在家看书或玩电脑 或者和密友一起出去逛逛
They’d rather stay home with a book or laptop or hang out with close friends,
而不是参加有很多陌生面孔的派对
than go to parties with a lot of unfamiliar faces.
然而 社交内向和害羞还不太一样
Social introversion is different however, from shyness.
因为他们对独处的需求不伴随着焦虑
Because there’s no anxiety attached to their need for solitude.
思维型内向是一个更新的概念
Thinking introversion is a newer concept.
思维型内向者内省 深思熟虑 自我觉察
Thinking introverts are introspective, thoughtful and self reflected.
不像社交内向
Unlike social introverts,
思维内向者没有逃避大型社交聚会的需求
they don’t feel a need to avoid large social scenes.
而他们喜欢做白日梦
Instead, they like to daydream.
利用他们丰富的想象力和创造力
Using their rich imaginations and creative capacities.
另一方面 焦虑型内向者
Anxious introverts, on the other hand,
寻求独处时光 因为他们觉得尴尬并且自己能察觉
seek time alone, because they feel awkward and self conscious.
和社交内向者不同 他们在陌生人中极度害羞
Unlike social introverts, they experience painful shyness around new people,
而且他们的焦虑在独处的时候也不一定能缓解
and the anxiety doesn’t necessarily go away when they are alone.
因为他们会让当时的场景在头脑里一遍遍回放
Because they let situations play over and over in their heads,
想着哪里可能做错了
contemplating what might have gone wrong.
最后是约束型内向者
Lastly, restrained introverts,
他们性子比较慢 且说话或做事前偏向先想清楚
function on a slower pace and prefer to think before they speak or act.
他们一般会隐藏自己
They’re also known for been reserved.
他们喜欢慢慢来 防止外力干扰影响他们的决策
They like to take their time, preventing impose from affecting their decision making.
二 内向者对新信息反应迅速
Two, introverts react quickly to new information,
但适应变化很慢
but are slow to monitor change.
内向者的大脑在他们分析出下一步该做什么时会变得兴奋
Introverts’ brains become more excited when they analyze what steps they must take in the future.
但在需要为行动做准备时会犹豫
But hesitate when they need to prepare for action,
而外向者在行动前需要把思考减到最少
Whereas extroverts need to minimize the thoughts in their heads to make a decision,
从而快速行动
but act quickly afterwards.
三 内向者害怕闲聊
Three, introverts dread small talk.
内向者可能会被人觉得冷漠 因为他们不喜欢闲聊
Introverts might seem disinterested in other people because they dislike small talk.
然而 他们不喜欢闲聊仅因为他们常常插不上话
However, they only dislike it because it creates barriers between them and others.
相对的 内向者希望感到真正和他人联结起来
Instead, introverts want to feel authentically connected,
因此他们渴望深入 有意义的对话
so they crave deep meaningful conversarions that
这能帮助降低社交壁垒
help lower social walls.
四 内向者需要独处时光
Four, introverts need alone time.
因为内向者对奖赏 比如食物 金钱
This is because introverts respond differently to rewards.
性 社交状态 与外向者反应不同
Such as food, money, sex and social status than extroverts do.
即使他们的确很关心吃
Although they do care about eating,
收入和人际关系
income and relationships,
他们对经历不那么关注 对机会不那么渴望
they’re less driven about an experience less enthusiasm for the possibilities of them.
相反的 外向者对奖励更兴奋
Extroverts in contracts are more excited to work for those rewards,
因此他们比内向者更希望立即见效
which is why they’re so prone to instant gratification more often than introverts.
五 内向者对要承担的风险更小心 更有计划
Five, introverts are more careful and calculated about what risks to take.
这是因为内向和外向者大脑多巴胺活动不同
This is due to a difference in dopamine activity between introverts and extroverts’ brains.
多巴胺是一种和感觉寻求 风险和新挑战
Dopamine is a neurotransmitter associate with sensation seeking,
相关的神经介质
risks and new adventures.
内向和外向的人这种神经介质都差不多
Both introverts and extroverts have the same amount of it.
但内向者大脑中产生多巴胺的区域更不活跃
But introverts’ brains are less active in the region than generates dopamine.
六 内向者是深思者
Six, introverts are deep thinkers.
因为内向者对多巴胺活动利用更少
Since introverts use less activity from dopamine,
他们更依赖于一种叫乙酰胆碱的神经递质
they rely more on a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine.
和多巴胺类似 这也是与开心相关的
Like dopamine, it’s linked to pleasure.
但这种开心来源于内在
But the pleasures produce from turning inwards.
这使内向者能更深入地思考
This allows introverts to reflect deeply,
并在更长时间对一项任务保持专注
and stay focused on a single task for an extended period of time.
乙酰胆碱也会让内向者比起喧嚣的场合
Acetulcholine also influences them to prefer clam,
更喜欢安静的地方
quiet settings over loud crowded places.
七 内向者更有创造力
Seven, introverts are more creative.
内向者需要孤独来充电
Introverts need solitude to recharge,
但孤独也是他们创造力的源泉
but it’s also within solitude when they find creativity.
大部分被认为是内向者的艺术家和作家
Most artists and writers who identify as introverts produce
都是在他们独处时 而不是在群体中
their best work when they are by themselves,
创作出最好的作品
as opposed to group settings.
另外 人们一般在独处时自我防备更弱
Additionally, people in general feel less self conscious when they are alone,
因此独处让内向者对冒风险感到安全
So being in solitude helps introverts feel safe
并让他们的创作思如泉涌
to take risks, then allow their creative juices to flow.
八 内向者喜欢雨
Eight, introverts like the rain.
雨创造了能吸引内向者的白噪声
Rain creates white noise that attracts introverts,
因为雨代表了独处的机会
because it’s signals opportunities for solitude.
内向者会觉得这份平静很愉快
They find the calming affect pleasurable.
因为雨让他们能有自己的时间
Since it allows them to escape within themselves for the time being.
雨也能降低对今日的期待
Rain helps lower expectations for the day as well.
并且它不想太阳一样过度刺激
And isn’t as overstimulating as the sun.
九 假装外向会对内向者的表现有消极影响
Nine, pretending to be extroverted can have a negative effect on an introverts performance.
内向者装成别人时
The time introverts spend of pretending people they are not
会破坏他们通常的表现
disrupt their usual level of performance.
认识并接受这点很重要
It’s important to realize and acknowledge this.
因为大众太习惯让内向者向外向者看齐
Since the world is so used to trying to mould introverts and extroverts.
十 内向者可能不会以快乐为首要目标
Ten, introverts might not prioritize happiness.
即使我们的文化很重视快乐
Although we live in a culture that emphasizes happiness.
内向者其实更想在面对任务
Introverts actually prefer to maintain a neutral emotional state
比如考试 演讲或理性思考时
when presented with tasks, such as taking a test,
保持一种中立的情感状态
giving a speech or thinking rationally.
这是因为快乐和其引起的情感
This is because happiness and arousing emotion
可能会让他们无法专注高效完成任务
may distract them from completing their tasks efficiently.
相对的 外向者更喜欢快乐 因为这对他们是一种动力
Extroverts on the other hand prefer happiness because it acts as a motivator.
你是内向者吗?
Are you an introvert?
如果是 你觉得以上这些东西跟你符合吗?
If so, do you find any of these facts relevant?
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Feel free to share in the comments below.
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视频概述

与内向者相关的十件事 希望大家都能理解内向者

听录译者

Daisy

翻译译者

可可天使

审核员

审核团HL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sGeDwZR5BOY

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