When I was a kid, I had a lot of phrases thrown at me,
when I was making some kind of mistakes.
I mean who would come up with phrases
like you know slow and steady wins the race or
you know absence makes the heart grow fonder.
You know all these kind of phrases, you were a small kid
you will obviously get confused.
Now when I’ve actually grown up
I kind of think about all those phrases that my elders threw at me
and I kind of find it interesting.
Now you must be thinking what we’re gonna discuss in this lesson.
We’re actually going to discuss proverbs.
Alright, now proverbs, just as an introduction, I would definitely say that as a definition
that proverbs are phrases that actually come through experience.
Okay, there are people who make mistakes, who learn from their mistakes
and they form these phrases so that they kind of warn their young ones
not to make the same mistakes again.
大家好 我是Riya 今天的课就将围绕谚语展开
Hi everyone, I’m Riya and today ‘s lesson is all going to be about proverbs.
So on the board we are going to use some interesting or we are going to see some interesting proverb
that we can use in our daily lives.
好 haste makes waste
Alright, now haste makes waste.
You might not have heard about this one. Okay,
haste makes waste actruly means that rushing will only spoil things
This proverb means that rushing will only spoil things, alright.
Well, for example, okay when you’re making a dish alright
and you’re actually rushing with it.
You’re just putting it all the spices
and probably some kind of vegetables and trying to make it all in a haste.
You will actually spoil your recipe.
You will actually spoil the dish that you’re making.
Okay, it is always advised never to rush into things.
So when you’re going to advise someone about not rushing.
你可以用”haste makes waste”这个谚语 意思是 如果你正在做某事
You can always use the phrase or the proverb, haste makes waste meaning that if you’re doing something
if you’re doing an activity or doing a routine.
Okay, rushing will only spoil it, okay.
So it’s better to take your time, think about it
and do it accordingly as per the routine, alright.
这就是 Haste makes waste的意思
So that is what haste makes waste means.
Moving to the second one,
You can catch more flies with honey than vinegar.
You can catch more flies with honey than vinegar.Okay.
If you are familiar with these words, honey is something very sweet. Okay.
and vinegar is something that is probably very sour. Okay,
so now this phrase actually means
that you can lure more people with sweeter words than sour ones,
这难道不是吗 如果有人 用温柔甜蜜地方式对你说话
isn’t that true? Alright if somebody speaks to you in a very sweet manner, in a soft manner
aren’t you interested to do something for that person?
And if someone comes around and starts shouting at you
that you have to do this and you have to do that.
Will you actually follow it?
Definitely not. Okay,
so it’s how you speak, you will get the other person to do something for you.
This is how the phrase is being used. Okay.
So you can
So you can catch more flies with honey than vinegar.
Now this is a phrase to use, okay if somebody is really mean to you
and is trying to get work done out of you
and you know is being absolutely mean.
你就可以用上这句话 You can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar
You can always use this phrase by saying “You can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar”
The person will get the message. Yes,
Okay, that is about this proverb.
接下来到第三句 rolling stones gather no moss
Moving on to the third one, rolling stones gather no moss.
Okay rolling stones gather
no moss. Can you visualize it?
有滚动的石头 它们可能在河里 石头
Okay rollingstones, so probably in a river, you have stones
that are going with the flow.
Okay with theflow of the river.
Okay in comparison to a stone that is actually sitting on the bed.
Okay on the bed of the river.
There are some stones that are just rolling away, okay.
Nowa very good example comes to my mind.
Okay now in this situation, let me define it first.
Now people who are, okay, people who are impatient.
Okay people who are impatient do not succeed.
Okay people who are impatient do not actually succeed.
Okay, now I ’ ll tell you,
I’ll tell you how this works. Now,
if the stones are moving on quickly.
Okay now with the stones, refer to a person who is hopping jobs, okay.
Just for a measly amount,
Okay you might be earning a few more dollars, a few more rupees
at some other job.
So you are hopping jobs.
You’re not actually stabilizing yourself at one place. Okay,
so people who are moving on or hopping around in their jobs.
实际上首先他们非常没有耐心 其次 他们掌握不了
They are actually firstly they are very impatient and secondly they are not able to grasp, okay
What is actually required in their job.
Okayin comparison to those people who stick in
one place. They learn all that they have tolearn.
okay and that is how you compare it
to stone that is embedded, okay on the river,
on the river bank and it gets this beautiful
green moss on it.
Okay this is all throughtime, okay.
This proverb actually shows the
importance of time, okay.
The more you hop from job to job,
is the more you’re going to not learn things.
Okay you’re already impatient okay
and you’re not going to learn the things
that you’re supposed to learn over time.
Incomparison to a person who sticks to a job
and who learns things very, very slowly, okay.
So this one is actually used for very, very
impatient people. Yes, alright.
Now going on to the 4th one.
A chain is only as strong as its weakest link
A chain is onlyas strong as its weakest link.
I’m sure you know this was created in the ancient times.
Okay a chain, just keep that in mind, okay.
Now defining this.
You have a chain, okay and you are strong as the weakest link.
so a group or a team.
A group or a team is as strong as the weakest member.
Now imagine a team of cricket players.
Okay I know, I know you, boys,
out there must be loving cricket, okay.
Now out of all the players,
there’s one who’s not as strong as the rest of them.
Okay just because one is not strong, the coach is not actually,
he’s not worried about it,
that you know one of the members is not asstrong.
It actually can be hazardous for the team.
Okay, that one member can create a lot
of problems and because of that one member,
the team can actually lose. Okay,
so everymember is very, very important in that team.
任何组织 公司都是这样的 每一员都很重要
Same as with any organization, with any company, okay everybody is important. Okay,
they form parts of a chain.
Now if you’re wearing achain, very literal example, you’re wearing
a chain, if one link is a little weak,
obviously it will break very easily and you’ll lose your chain. Okay,
now that is a literal meaning and this how you have to remember it.
Now if something happens, okay in a team
if there is a person who’s not working as hard and
if you see that your team leader is not actually worried
about it, you better tell your team
a chain is only as strong as its weakest link
leader that a chain is only as strong as its weakest link. Okay,
I hope you understand this proverb.
Going on to the next one,
A house divided against itself can not stand. 我对这句话有很深的感情 它非常非常重要
a house divided against itself can not stand. I have an emotional about it I think this is very,very important.
in the Holy Bible and it was later,
okay it was later used by Sir Abraham Lincoln,
okay the former President of the United States.
He used this proverb in 1858, okay.
divided against itself cannot stand.
Veryvisual, okay you have a house. Alright,
it’s based on a foundation, okay if you break thehouse.
Will it, I mean, is it going to stand?
Are you able to keep those two halves you know standing still?
Okay? What do you take out of it?
I mean do you think,
this is going to talk about a physical house. No,
讲的是家庭关系 是的 它讲的是家庭关系
talks about family relations, okay it talksabout family relations.
Now you have a beautiful family,
once you start dividing, okay the pillars,
once you start dividing them,
the house is not going to stand, okay.
This isa very beautiful thought that is used is our
印度文化 好的 我们实际上在强调
Indian culture. Okay, we actually emphasize on this,
that everybody has to stick together.
The pillars have to be together so that the house is actually standing.
It depends on
cultures as well and how they live but this was a very beautiful proverb,
that was you know that
was shown in the Holy Bible and later was used by Sir Abraham Lincoln
that you know a house divided against itself cannot stand.
Now if your family has these kind of problems
or your friends even.
You know a group of really good friends are having problems like these,
you can always use this phrase
a house divided against itself can not actually stand
that a house divided against itself can not actually stand.
Okay, this is the most important phraseto use.
So I hope you’ve enjoyed this previous proverbs.
Now let’sjust see some others. Okay,
some other interesting
proverbs that we can use in our daily conversation. Okay,
now first, okay the next one is
learn till old, live till old and there’s still one third not learnt
learn till old, live till old and there’s still one third not learnt.
Now this one is a Chinese one.okey
好的 学到老 活到老 并且还有三分之一的东西学不了 实际上
learn till old, live till old and there ’ s still one third not learnt,
意思是 你可以一直学习 直到你死亡
it actually means that, you can keep on learning, okaytill you die.
That’s an interesting one, right?
We can learn as many things as possible, still,
you might not have learnt everything.
Okay, you might have just learnt one third or just a bit
of what you’re supposed to learn. Okay,
learning is endless.
Alright now, thisproverb is used so that you encourage yourself,
okay you push yourself to learn more and more.
This life even though we might say is the
longest thing that there is but still we’re
not able to grasp everything that this world,
this universe has to offer.
Now whenever you need to advise
a small kid or anybody who
does not want to learn as much or is thinking
of stopping or putting a ceiling on their
learning process, you can always say that,
please learn till old, live till old and there’s
still one third not learnt.
That means youhave to learn as much as possible, alright.
The next one we have is well begun is half done
The next one we have is well begun is halfdone.
Okay very simply, have a great start. okay,
okey now when you’re starting your project,
okay if you’re well prepared, okay and you have like an absolutely great start,
okay instead of just you know just making small start,
if you have a very strong,
you know where you initialize something, okey
The work is already done or it’s almost done. Okay,
youjust need to do the finishing touches.
Alright.this is a very good proverb to use, alright.
You can always advise someone, okay when somebody is
initializing a project or starting up a project,
告诉他 好好准备 好的
always tell that person, be well prepared, okay.
有一个非常 非常常规且完全好的开始 那么
Make a very, very informed and an absolutely great start, so that the
project is almost done. Alright,
so that ishow we will use this proverb.
Okay going with the next one.
Now you can lead a horse to water but you can’t make it drink
Now you can lead a horse to water but you can’t make it drink.
This is actually an interesting one. Okay,
this is that a person needs to make his own efforts.
Okay, now you can, you can give a lot of money to somebody, you can buy a person
a Lamborghini or a Ferrari
But that person can only drive it if he or she makes the initiative to learn it, okay.
This is a very good phraseto use actually, alright.
You might give somebody everything.
Okay, you might be as rich
as anything and give everything to your child
but your child would only better utilize it if or she learns okay.
Like for example learns how to drive a car. Okay,
you might give as much money
for somebody’s tuitions fees
but what use is it,
if that person is actually not learning anything or not educating himself or herself. Okay,
so this proverb is used okay to help someone to initialize, to make efforts,
okay, to put in efforts to do something. Okay,
not everything can be done by someone else for you. Okay,
you can not be spoon-fed,
you have to make the effort by yourself as well.
Now I hope you have enjoyed
learning and listening to these proverbs, useful proverbs
that you can use in your absolutely dailylives.
好了 希望你们喜欢 Riya今天的课程结束了
Okay I hope that you’ve enjoyed it and this is Riya signing off,
till then I hope you keep on learning, thank you.