Bipolar disorder, also called manic-depressive disorder
is a mental illness characterized
by extreme mood swings.
Other symptoms of BPD
include shifts in energy as well as activity levels.
For the most part,
BPD can and will interfere
with the day-to-day activities of the sufferer.
With all that we know about BPD,
there are still many myths out there.
Many involving how people act
while in a manic or depressive state,
Some of these myths are just exaggerations
of actual facts, while others are downright falsehoods.
This list from Psych2Go
offers up facts about BPD
and what the disorder actually is.
1. Bipolar disorder is not curable.
The sufferer will have
a lifetime of mood stabilizing medications after onset.
Without them, the sufferer faces
relapses of manic and depressive episodes.
With these episodes, the sufferer
will have a distinct disruption in their daily activities.
If left untreated, they may even find that
people they were once close to have backed away.
Usually, due to the unpredictable nature of their illness.
Mood stabilizers give the sufferer
a more even keel to their life.
2. Bipolar disorder is not the same as depression.
While bipolar disorder does share some similarities
with depression, they are not one and the same.
Those who suffer from BPD have mood swings
rather than just episodes of depression.
Manic refers to episodes of high energy
whereas depressive refers to episodes of low energy.
Bipolar disorder and depression
are both mood disorders,
but they’re vastly and inherently different.
3. Bipolar disorder is often misdiagnosed.
This is an important point to remember
in case you think that you might be a sufferer.
Bipolar disorder is usually misdiagnosed as depression
in women, and schizophrenia in men.
If you think that you have BPD,
but feel that you were diagnosed with another illness,
you may want to speak with your doctor.
Make sure that all relevant questions are asked
and that you feel that you were listened to.
4. Anyone can develop bipolar disorder.
For the most part, bipolar disorder has an onset
in late teens or early 20s, though it can also
present in children and older adults.
Each case is different, and has its own
身体 精神 和情感的需求
physical, mental and emotional demands.
Again,BPD is a lifetime illness,
but it is manageable with the right medications and care.
5. There are no blood tests
or scans for bipolar disorder.
The only way to obtain a proper bipolar diagnosis is to
see a psychiatrist that specializes in mood disorders.
Depending upon your health insurance,
you may need a referral first.
That being said,
there are no MRI scans or x-rays
that will give any indication bipolar disorder is present.
There have been scans done to see how the brain reacts
during manic and depressive episodes.
However, those were done post diagnosis.
6. Mood swings are normal.
The difference between everyday mood swings
and bipolar related mood swings is the severity level.
Though there are some instances
where severe mood swings aren’t a cause
to believe someone is suffering from bipolar disorder,
both ADHD and pregnancy have large
or severe mood swings as symptoms.
If ADHD is being treated
but the severe swings are still present,
it may be prudent to seek out
a possible secondary diagnosis.
With pregnancy, the swings should subside
after the balance of hormones is back to normal.
7. There are three types of bipolar disorder.
Bipolar type 1 is characterized as having
at least one manic and one depressive episode.
This type can also involve bipolar psychosis.
This is very serious
and needs immediate psychiatric treatment.
Bipolar type 2 is characterized by at least one episode of
hypomania and one major depressive episode.
Cyclothymia is the third BPD type.
This one is characterized by the cycles of hypomania
and dysthymic or persistent depressive episodes.
8. Familial history does not guarantee a diagnosisfor you.
Genetics do play a big role
in presence of bipolar disorder
but they are not a guarantee.
Studies have shown that
environmental factors and stressful situations
have also impacted a bipolar diagnosis.
In some studies,
it was found that one sibling had bipolar symptoms
whereas the other one had none at all.
九 躁狂并不总是有趣 也并非儿戏
9. Mania isn’t always fun and games.
Sometimes mania can seem like it is one big party
where the sufferer is just in a heightened state of happy.
While this may be the case for some,
it is not a universal truth for all.
In fact, many cases of mania within bipolar disorder
have manifested in extreme irritability
and even psychotic episodes.
In a mania induced psychotic episode,
the sufferer may think that they are rich and famous.
This may lead them to partake in risky or dangerous behaviors.
10. People with bipolar disorder
are not inherently dangerous to themselves or others.
This fact comes with a kavita of sorts.
Those in treatment for bipolar disorder
are rarely a danger to themselves or others.
Studies have shown that
those with BPD and other mental illnesses are more
likely to become targets of violence or other crimes.
Those that are not being treated
can be a little more unpredictable though.
For the most part,
millions of BPD sufferers are leading full and productive lives.
If you think you may be suffering from bipolar disorder,
please speak with your physician
or mental health professional.
There are treatments out there
that can help you lead a full and happy life.
If you found this video helpful,
please let us know in the comments.
also feel free to share your own experiences with bipolar disorder.
And as always, thanks for watching!