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你需要了解的10个关于边缘人格障碍的事实

10 Facts About Bipolar Disorder That Everyone Should Know

双相情感障碍又叫躁狂抑郁症
Bipolar disorder, also called manic-depressive disorder
是一种以情绪极度不稳定
is a mental illness characterized
为特点的精神疾病
by extreme mood swings.
BPD(边缘性人格障碍)的其他症状
Other symptoms of BPD
包括异常浮动的精力和活动水平
include shifts in energy as well as activity levels.
多数情况下
For the most part,
BPD可以而且会影响
BPD can and will interfere
患者的日常活动
with the day-to-day activities of the sufferer.
就我们关于BPD的了解来看
With all that we know about BPD,
外界对它仍然持有很多缪见
there are still many myths out there.
许多涉及人们在躁狂
Many involving how people act
或抑郁状态下的所作所为
while in a manic or depressive state,
其中一些缪见只是夸大事实
Some of these myths are just exaggerations
而另一些则是彻头彻尾的谎言
of actual facts, while others are downright falsehoods.
《来吧!心理学》为大家列出了
This list from Psych2Go
关于BPD的几点事实
offers up facts about BPD
并解释了它的真实症状
and what the disorder actually is.
一 双相情感障碍是不可治愈的
1. Bipolar disorder is not curable.
患者患病后
The sufferer will have
一生都需靠药物维持情绪稳定
a lifetime of mood stabilizing medications after onset.
不服药的话 患者将面临
Without them, the sufferer faces
躁狂和抑郁的复发
relapses of manic and depressive episodes.
复发时
With these episodes, the sufferer
患者的日常活动会明显受到干扰
will have a distinct disruption in their daily activities.
如果不进行治疗 他们甚至可能会发现
If left untreated, they may even find that
曾经亲近的人会远离他们
people they were once close to have backed away.
通常 由于这种疾病的不可预测性
Usually, due to the unpredictable nature of their illness.
情绪稳定剂
Mood stabilizers give the sufferer
能让患者的生活更加平稳
a more even keel to their life.
二 双相情感障碍和抑郁症不一样
2. Bipolar disorder is not the same as depression.
虽然它们之间有相似之处
While bipolar disorder does share some similarities
但它们并不是同一回事
with depression, they are not one and the same.
BPD患者的情绪不稳定
Those who suffer from BPD have mood swings
不只是抑郁症的发作
rather than just episodes of depression.
躁狂症是指精力旺盛症状
Manic refers to episodes of high energy
而抑郁症是指精力不济的症状
whereas depressive refers to episodes of low energy.
双相情感障碍和抑郁症
Bipolar disorder and depression
都属于情绪障碍
are both mood disorders,
但他们在本质上存在极大的不同
but they’re vastly and inherently different.
三 双相情感障碍经常被误诊
3. Bipolar disorder is often misdiagnosed.
这点一定要谨记
This is an important point to remember
以防你认为自己可能是此类患者
in case you think that you might be a sufferer.
女性患者常被误诊为抑郁症
Bipolar disorder is usually misdiagnosed as depression
男性患者经常被误诊为精神分裂症
in women, and schizophrenia in men.
如果你认为自己患有BPD
If you think that you have BPD,
但感觉被诊断为另一种疾病
but feel that you were diagnosed with another illness,
那么你可能想要跟医生谈谈
you may want to speak with your doctor.
确保所有相关问题都被问到
Make sure that all relevant questions are asked
并且你觉得自己认真听了这些问题
and that you feel that you were listened to.
四 任何人都可能患上双相情感障碍
4. Anyone can develop bipolar disorder.
虽然双向情感障碍也会发生在老人和孩子身上
For the most part, bipolar disorder has an onset
但多数情况都是
in late teens or early 20s, though it can also
在十几岁或二十出头发病
present in children and older adults.
每个案例都不同 且都有各自的
Each case is different, and has its own
身体 精神 和情感的需求
physical, mental and emotional demands.
再次强调 BPD是一种终身疾病
Again,BPD is a lifetime illness,
但通过合理的用药和护理 它是可控的
but it is manageable with the right medications and care.
五 通过血液检查或扫描
5. There are no blood tests
无法诊断是否患有双相障碍
or scans for bipolar disorder.
得到合理诊断的唯一方法是
The only way to obtain a proper bipolar diagnosis is to
去看专门从事情绪障碍的精神科医生
see a psychiatrist that specializes in mood disorders.
根据你的健康保险
Depending upon your health insurance,
你可能需要先转介
you may need a referral first.
话虽如此
That being said,
目前的核磁共振扫描或X射线
there are no MRI scans or x-rays
都不能判定双相情感障碍是否发生
that will give any indication bipolar disorder is present.
在抑郁和躁狂发作期间
There have been scans done to see how the brain reacts
可以做扫描以观察大脑的反应
during manic and depressive episodes.
然而 这些都是在诊断后完成的
However, those were done post diagnosis.
六 情绪波动是正常的
6. Mood swings are normal.
日常情绪波动和双相障碍情绪波动
The difference between everyday mood swings
二者的区别是 严重程度
and bipolar related mood swings is the severity level.
尽管有一些案例表明
Though there are some instances
严重的情绪波动
where severe mood swings aren’t a cause
不是证明某人患双相障碍的原因
to believe someone is suffering from bipolar disorder,
因为ADHD和怀孕也会有大幅度的
both ADHD and pregnancy have large
或者严重的情绪波动症状
or severe mood swings as symptoms.
但是如果你正在治疗ADHD
If ADHD is being treated
而仍然存在巨大的情绪波动
but the severe swings are still present,
那么寻求辅助诊断
it may be prudent to seek out
可能更为谨慎
a possible secondary diagnosis.
如果怀孕的话 当体内激素回到正常水平后
With pregnancy, the swings should subside
情绪波动便会平息
after the balance of hormones is back to normal.
七 双相障碍有三种类型
7. There are three types of bipolar disorder.
第一种类型的显著特点是
Bipolar type 1 is characterized as having
至少有一次躁狂症和一次抑郁发作
at least one manic and one depressive episode.
这种类型也可能涉及双相精神病
This type can also involve bipolar psychosis.
这是非常严重的
This is very serious
需要立即进行药物治疗
and needs immediate psychiatric treatment.
第二种类型特点是至少有一次轻度躁狂
Bipolar type 2 is characterized by at least one episode of
和一次严重的抑郁症状
hypomania and one major depressive episode.
躁狂抑郁精神病是第三种类型
Cyclothymia is the third BPD type.
此类型的主要特点是轻躁狂和抑郁的循环发作
This one is characterized by the cycles of hypomania
或持续性的抑郁发作
and dysthymic or persistent depressive episodes.
八 家族遗传史不能作为你的诊断依据
8. Familial history does not guarantee a diagnosisfor you.
基因的确是影响
Genetics do play a big role
双相障碍患病的主要因素
in presence of bipolar disorder
但这不是绝对的
but they are not a guarantee.
研究表明
Studies have shown that
环境因素与精神压力
environmental factors and stressful situations
也会影响双相障碍的诊断
have also impacted a bipolar diagnosis.
有研究发现
In some studies,
兄弟姐妹中有一人出现双相障碍的症状
it was found that one sibling had bipolar symptoms
而其他人完全没有
whereas the other one had none at all.
九 躁狂并不总是有趣 也并非儿戏
9. Mania isn’t always fun and games.
有时候 躁狂似乎是一个大聚会
Sometimes mania can seem like it is one big party
患者在其中处于高度兴奋的状态
where the sufferer is just in a heightened state of happy.
然而这可能只是某些患者的情况
While this may be the case for some,
对所有患者来讲 这并不是一个普遍事实
it is not a universal truth for all.
事实上 包括双相障碍在内的许多躁狂症案例
In fact, many cases of mania within bipolar disorder
显示患者经常处于易怒
have manifested in extreme irritability
甚至癫狂的状态
and even psychotic episodes.
因躁狂而引发的精神病患者
In a mania induced psychotic episode,
可能会认为自己富有且出名
the sufferer may think that they are rich and famous.
这有可能会导致他们做出危险的举动
This may lead them to partake in risky or dangerous behaviors.
十 双相障碍患者并非
10. People with bipolar disorder
天生对自己或别人有威胁
are not inherently dangerous to themselves or others.
这基于大量的事实研究
This fact comes with a kavita of sorts.
正在治疗中的双相障碍患者
Those in treatment for bipolar disorder
对他们自己或别人都没什么威胁
are rarely a danger to themselves or others.
研究显示
Studies have shown that
患有BPD或其他精神疾病的患者
those with BPD and other mental illnesses are more
更有可能成为暴力或犯罪的目标
likely to become targets of violence or other crimes.
虽然不在治疗阶段的患者
Those that are not being treated
他们的行为可以难以预测
can be a little more unpredictable though.
但多数情况下
For the most part,
上百万的BPD患者过着充实而富足的生活
millions of BPD sufferers are leading full and productive lives.
如果你认为自己可能患有双相障碍
If you think you may be suffering from bipolar disorder,
那么请找医生
please speak with your physician
或精神健康专家聊一聊
or mental health professional.
有很多治疗方法
There are treatments out there
可以帮助你过上充实快乐的生活
that can help you lead a full and happy life.
如果这个视频对你有帮助
If you found this video helpful,
请在下方评论留言
please let us know in the comments.
同时也可分享你对双相障碍的看法
also feel free to share your own experiences with bipolar disorder.
一如既往 感谢您的观看!
And as always, thanks for watching!

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视频概述

主要讲了关于边缘人格障碍的事实,通过本视频,我们将对双相情感障碍和抑郁症以及躁狂症有更加深刻的理解,希望可以对心理学爱好者有所帮助!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

教瑜伽的Diana

审核员

审核员#LY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-ISz5tsB7Es

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