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十种可能毁灭世界的灭绝生物 – 译学馆
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十种可能毁灭世界的灭绝生物

10 Extinct Creatures That Could Have Destroyed The World!

狂野的人文主义者 猛禽巴尔多 正向你袭来
The wild humanist Baldo Raptorials, he’s coming for you.
进化创造了一些不可思议的生物
Evolution has created some incredible creatures,
不幸的是 它们大多都已濒临灭绝了
and many of them, unfortunately, are endangered
并只有在野外才能保证安全
and need to be kept safe in the wild.
无论如何 在过去地球上
However, there were some creatures
生存着一些巨大无比的生物
that existed in the past that were so monstrous.
它们灭绝了是件好事
It’s a good thing that they disappeared
因为不夸张地说 它们本可以毁灭我们的世界
because they literally could have ended our world.
下面是10种本可以毁灭世界的灭绝生物
Here are 10 extinct creatures that could have destroyed the world.
第10 泰坦巨蟒
Number 10 is the Titanoboa.
我们应该感谢上帝 泰坦巨蟒灭绝已久
We can all count our blessings that the titanoboa is long gone,
因为它有一辆校园巴士那么长
because it was as long as a school bus
一头小型犀牛那么重
and weighed as much as a small rhino.
是的 我知道我知道 但我正在尝试不同的食物呢 嘶嘶嘶……
Yeah, I know I know, but I’m trying different diet. Sss…
大蟒蛇能长到4.2米长
Boa constrictors grow up to 4.2 meters long
45公斤重
and weigh up to 45 kilograms,
而森蚺可以长到6米长
while anacondas can grow up to 6 metres long
227公斤重
and weigh up to 227 kilograms,
而泰坦巨蟒是世界上最大的蛇
but the Titanoboa was the largest snake ever
它有15米长 重达1134公斤
at 15 meters long and weighed 1134 kilograms.
它的化石在2002年发现于
Its fossil was discovered in 2002
哥伦比亚北部一个矿区
in a coal mining region in northern Colombia
毫无疑问 它在5800万年前是丛林之王——
where it was no doubt king of the jungle 58 million years ago——
在恐龙灭绝100万年后
1 million years after the dinosaurs died off.
这个古新世时期的怪兽什么都吃
This Paleocene epoch monster ate just about everything
从小鱼小虾到体型庞大的鳄鱼
in its path from fish to crocodiles,
其捕猎方法和它的表亲蟒蛇一样
using the same hunting method as its tiny cousin the boa.
用全身肌肉把猎物缠绕起来 令其窒息而亡
It would wrap its long muscly body around and asphyxiate
无论是谁 只要入侵了它的领地 就会被吃掉
whatever trespassed in its swamp, finishing them off in its stomach.
我不会说谎
I’m not gonna lie,
有时候我太饿了 我也是这么进食的
Sometimes,I’m really hungry, and I do the same with food.
我只要 吃进去 然后消化
I’m just like inhale it and then it just digests later.
孩子们 吃你的饭
Children, chew your food.
第9 滑齿龙
number 9 is the Liopleurodon
在侏罗纪末期游泳
Swimming during the late Jurassic era
是个危险的运动
was a dangerous game with the
因为四周都是滑齿龙 它们巨大的下巴
Liopleurodon swimming around with massive jaws
长满了鳞次栉比的利牙
filled with row upon row of Razor-sharp teeth.
不用管我 我是滑齿龙
Don’t mind me, I’m the Liopleurodon.
它是欧洲15000万年前的顶级捕猎者
It was the apex predator of Europe 150 million years ago,
滑齿龙可以长到9米长 1588公斤重
growing up to nine meters in length and 1588 kilograms
根据早在1873年法国发现的化石
based on the fossils discovered in France back in 1873.
它不仅是长得巨大
And not only was it massive,
游泳还特快 其四个宽厚的长鳍状肢
but it swam fast, with four broad, flat,long flippers
让它可以加速追捕猎物
that allowed it to accelerate after its prey
置于前端的鼻孔给予它敏锐的嗅觉
and the forward positioning of its nostrils gave it a keen sense
可以察觉到很远的猎物
of smell that could detect prey from great distances.
这种海洋生物最主要的弱点之一是没有鳃
One major disadvantage of this sea creature was its lack of gills,
所以它不得不像鲸鱼一样浮出水面呼吸空气
so it had to surface like a whale in order to gulp air,
这可能成为一张很好的Instagram照片
which would have been great for an Instagram picture
如果它在潜回水里之前
if it didn’t devour you
没有吃掉你的话
before dropping back below into its watery domain.
第8 古巨蜥
Number eight is the Megalania Prisca
在澳大利亚 遍地都是
In Australia a place filled
致命生物 古巨蜥
with creatures that can kill you the Magalania Prisca
它是曾存活过的最大的陆地蜥蜴
was the largest terrestrial lizard that ever lived
长达5米 被称为澳洲魔龙
at five metres long called the devil dragon.
虽然外面缺少这种生物的化石证据
Fossil evidence of this creature is scant,
但分子生物学证据表明
but molecular evidence indicates that they
在白垩纪早期 它们曾经统治过澳大利亚的
terrorized the Australia continents forests woodlands
森林林地和河流土地
and river lands during the Early Cretaceous era.
10亿年前它们的遗体还常常
100 million years ago their remains are often found
与包括袋鼠在内的大型动物化石一起被发现
with fossils of large animals including kangaroos.
表明它们也狩猎稍微大一点的猎物
Indicating that they hunted larger prey that may
甚至包括最近灭绝的侏儒象
have even included the nearly extinct pygmy elephants.
虽然现代人类理论上是安全的
Now while modern humans are in theory safe
但在昆士兰农场发现的化石
a fossil was discovered on a Queensland farm
可以追溯到300年前
that dates back only 300 years ago.
所以准备好决斗了吗 我来啦
So get ready to battle this I’m coming at you.
我是澳洲魔龙
I’m the devil dragon.
第7 邓氏鱼
Number seven is the Dunkleosteus
邓氏鱼
The Dunkleosteus
曾是最大最狡猾的鱼类
was the largest and meanest fish that ever swam
头披重甲 长达十米
with an armored head that grew up to ten meters in length.
什么鬼 我头盖骨这么大
dang, I thought I had a big skull.
它是一种巨大的顶端捕食者
It was a massive apex predator
它可以吃掉任何在锋利的颚周围的东西
that could eat whatever it could get its sharp jaws around
咬合力估计有2公吨
with a bite force estimated to be nearly 2 metric tons.
但它好像只是张开嘴
But it likely just opened its mouth
形成真空 吸进附近的任何猎物
and let the vacuum suck in any prey stew enough to go near it.
唯一能震慑邓氏鱼的捕食者
The only predator That would have been a threat to the Dunkleosteus
恐怕只有另一只邓氏鱼了
would be another Dunkleosteus
因为有些化石显示 他们会相互斗争 同类相食
As some fossils indicate that they engaged in combat and possibly cannibalism.
不好意思 老铁
sorry, bro.
今天海里没多少鱼
But there’s not a lot of fish in the sea today.
噢 咬到你的鳍了
Ow,bit your fin.
第6 远古蜈蚣虫
Number six is the Arthropleura
想象一支超级远古蜈蚣虫战队
Imagine an army of Arthropleura super centipedes
比NBA最高的2.6米高的球员还长
taller than the biggest NBA players at 2.6 meters in length
敲敲它们比人类还小的脚
tapping they’re not all so tiny feet all over humanity.
通过比较 现代同胞中最大的是
By comparison the largest of the modern brethren is
亚马逊巨蜈蚣 可以长到33厘米
the Amazonian giant centipede that can grow up to 33 centimeters.
但幸运的是史上最大的节肢动物不能存活下来
But luckily the largest arthropod in history can not exist today
至少不是因为它们巨大的体积
at least not their staggering size
因为在313百万年前的根室时代
because the nemuri’ n age 313 million years ago
有着非常特殊的环境因素
had very peculiar environmental factors
地球大气层含有36%的氧气 而今天的氧气只有21%
where the Earth’s atmosphere was 36% oxygen versus 21% today.
大气中的氧含量
The atmospheric oxygen content
使得动植物 爆发式增长
Created an explosion in the size of flora and fauna back
那时候 欧洲 北美洲和亚洲还是一个大陆
when Europe North America and Asia were one landmass.
但在7百万年前
But by the stefani and age seven million years ago
氧浓度下降
oxygen leveled off
这些可以轻易俘虏我们的吓人巨蜈蚣也减少了
Reducing that terrifying size of centipedes that could easily enslave us all.
这是一种生产噩梦般燃料的可怕生物
This is a terrifying horror creature that pooped nightmare fuel.
它没活着真是太好了
I’m so glad it’s not alive.
第5 莱茵耶克尔鲎
Number five is the Jaekelopterus
这种巨海蝎子被称为莱茵耶克尔鲎
The colossal sea scorpion called the Jaekelopterus
可以长到2.5米长
grew up to 2.5 meters in length
尖爪子上都长着又尖又长的牙齿
with spiked claws containing long sharp teeth
有46厘米那么长
measuring 46 centimeters.
这种390百万年前 鳄鱼大小的
This 390 million year old crocodile sized
水虫会把鱼肉剪碎 甚至同类相食
water bug made mincemeat out of fish and cannibalized its own.
就在现在德国沿海的沼泽地里
In the coastal swamp waters of what is now Germany,
它的化石在2007年被发现了
its fossils were discovered in 2007.
但它存在的时候 没有任何天敌
But back when it existed it had no predators
由于脊椎动物还没进化成它们的竞争者
as vertebrates had yet to evolve into contenders.
因此 任何体型比它小的生物
so anything smaller than it
无论什么都会变成它的下一顿美味
which was just about everything became its next meal.
更可怕的是
To add to the nightmare is that
在嘴边的两只爪子之间
in between its claws near its mouth
莱茵耶克尔鲎有两只折叠起来的小臂膀
the Jaekelopterus had two smaller folding arms,
可以弹伸出来抓住晚餐
that could shoot out and grab ahold of dinner
它像是在被遗忘的哥斯拉电影里的放射螳螂
like a radioactive praying mantis from some long-forgotten Godzilla movie.
想象一下
Image that
噢 对 我有点饿了
I’m kind of hungry
可怕
creepy
第4 帝鳄
Number four is sarcosuchus
帝鳄以超级鳄鱼为名
The sarcosuchus’s named after the super croc,
这让鳄鱼最经常出没的水域看起来也很安全
makes even the most crocodile infested waters seem safe
就像一个有救生员的儿童游泳池
like a kiddie pool with a lifeguard.
它是有史以来最大的鳄鱼
It was the largest crocodile to ever live,
能长到12米
growing up to 12 meters long
而且几乎从头到脚都覆盖了装甲
and covered almost head-to-toe in armored plates
使它几乎战无不胜
that made it practically invincible.
它细长的口鼻处
Its long narrow snout
满是巨大的牙齿 和称之为埃博拉的球鼻端
was filled with massive teeth and a bulbous tip to its nose called Ebola,
它的作用未知 但可能是
its purpose unknown but likely
增强它所有的感官 能让它
enhanced its all the factory senses allowing it to
嗅出猎物并使用它来造成钝性创伤
sniff out prey and use it for blunt-force trauma.
嗨 我将用我的鼻子杀死你
Hey,I’m gonna kill you with my nose.
它们追逐猎物 现在是撒哈拉沙漠
They ran things, and what is now the Sahara Desert,
但在白垩纪时期
but back during the Cretaceous period,
1亿年前 它是郁郁葱葱的热带
100 million years ago when it was lush tropical
有充满美味的食物可以猎杀
and full of delicious things to violently kill.
它可以真正地捕猎同时代的恐龙
It could literally take its dinosaur contemporaries
像折断树枝一样折断它的脖子
and snap its neck like a twig.
第3 巨型奇虾
Number three is the Aegirocassis
没有除害专家
There were no exterminators
在四亿八千万年前奥陶纪时期
during the Ordovician era 480 million years ago
除了进化回到巨型蟑螂叫巨型奇虾
except evolution back when the giant cockroach called the Aegirocassis
游了很长距离直到现在的摩洛哥
swam about a long-gone see where Morocco is now.
这些远古蟑螂的祖先
These ancient ancestors of the cockroach
和其他节肢动物如虾和蝴蝶
and other arthropods like shrimp and butterflies grew up to
长2.1米 并命名为埃吉尔
two point one meters in length and were named after aegir
来自挪威神话的巨海生物
a giant sea creature from the Norse mythology.
它们用自己改良的前附肢作为尖刺网
They used their modified front appendages as a spiky net
来分类和进食浮游生物
to sort and consume various plankton’s
使它进化成如此巨大的生物
which allowed it to evolve into such a large creature.
就像现代
Just as modern
鲸鲨通过他们的滤食长大
whale sharks have grown so large from their filter-feeding
就像人类崇拜的现代蟑螂一样
and just like the modern cockroach that humanity adores.
它们数量众多 想象一下
There were a lot of them so imagine an invasion
你厨房里入侵了2米大小蟑螂
of 2 meter sized cockroaches in your kitchen
嘿 我是巨型奇虾 不能杀我
Hey I’m a cockroach can’t kill me.
虽然我可能会杀了你
I might kill you though.
第2 巨蜻蜓
Number two is the meganeuropsis.
如今的蜻蜓是美丽优雅的
Dragonflies today are beautiful and graceful
当他们飞来飞去时 能让我们野餐变得更美好
as they flit around the air just making our picnics lovely.
但巨蜻蜓是一种可怕的掠食者
But the meganeuropsis was a terrifying predator
它们的身体长约47厘米
their bodies were roughly 47 centimeters long
翼展75厘米
with a wingspan of 75 centimeters
在空中敏捷地飞翔
and were nimble in the air using their powerful.
用它有力的下颚骨牙齿来征服大型猎物
Mandibles loaded with teeth to conquer large prey
引起捕猎大战
that put up a fight.
美国尤其是平原州
The United States particularly the plains states like
如堪萨斯州和俄克拉荷马州
Kansas and Oklahoma
是它三亿年前的领域
was its domain 300 million years ago.
在二叠纪晚期 巨蜻蜓享有富氧环境
During the late Permian era the meganeuropsis enjoyed an oxygen-rich atmosphere
这导致它巨大的体型
that made it super-sized making it the lord
在鸟和蝙蝠进化前成为天空霸主
of the sky long before pterodactyls birds and bats evolved
好吧 这太可怕了
Okay,this one is terrifying,
但想象一下你可以驯服它 骑着它
but imagine that you could tame it just riding around on it.
嘿 嘿 梅根和罗伯说上帝带我去公园
Hey,hey Megan and Rob says to God take me to the park.
好啊 走 谢谢
Okay.Let’s go.Thanks.
第1 巨齿鲨
and Number one is the Megalodon
大白鲨从长相一样的祖先巨齿鲨上
Great white sharks ain’t got nothing on its
没有继承到什么东西
older near identical-looking ancestor the Megalodon.
它能从16米长到2至2.5倍长
That was two to two and a half times longer
重量不亚于商用飞机
and could weigh as much as a commercial airplane
100公吨重
at 100 metric tons
与许多古代物种不同会被局限于地区
Unlike many ancient species limited to location
在历史上 最大的鲨鱼几乎能在任何地方找到
the biggest shark in history could be found almost anywhere.
即使你的后院 感激吧
Even your backyard,be thankful.
它具有可能是有史以来最强大的咬合力
It may have also had the most powerful bite in history
比霸王龙更厉害 能瞬间粉碎一辆汽车
greater than the Tyrannosaurus Rex that could crush a car instantly
巨齿鲨统治着地球的水域
The Megalodon ruled the Earth’s water until as recently as
直到150万年前
1.5 million years ago.
但它的消亡可能是因海洋冷却引起的
But its demise was likely brought on by the ocean cooling
大量猎物消失
the disappearance of abundant prey its size
其大小是为了繁衍
That was required to thrive
还有一个新竞争者 逆戟鲸
and a new contender the Orca
通过狩猎和社交来与它们竞争
who out competed them by hunting and social packs
愿你安息 你会想念超级下巴的
R.I.P super jaws you will be missed
这就是十种可能毁灭世界的灭绝生物
so that was ten extinct creatures that could have destroyed the world
不过 感谢上帝 它们并没有这么做
But thank God they didn’t but
如果大家很喜欢这次视频 别忘了给我们点个赞哦
if you guys enjoyed this remember to give it a big thumbs up
我对此十分感激
I do appreciate it and also be sure
我也相信你们会订阅我的频道 同时关注通知
to subscribe to my channel and turn on notifications
只要轻击订阅按钮即可
By clicking the bell beside the subscribe button
亲们 我会一直为你们提供新的视频
So that you never miss a thing because I release new
这样你们就不会错过任何一件趣事了
videos all the time, baby
祝各位有个愉快的一天 我们下次再见
Have a great day, and I’ll see you next time.Bye.

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译制信息
视频概述

所以感谢上帝它们已经灭绝了

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

柳兄willette

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wBAH223vao8

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