– Fact; you can’t be held responsible for spreading
false information if you say you heard it from someone else.
There are a lot of common understandings that are
passed on through the years from generation to generation.
And with how connected this generation is, it’s easier
than ever to pass around that information. But,
what if I told you that some of the most
believed and understood facts are actually false?
Here are ten completely false facts that
everyone still believes.
Number ten is never wake a sleep walker.
It’s a very common belief that you should never wake
someone when they’re sleep walking because
they could die of fright, or they might end up
losing it on you.
The idea is that during sleep walking a person
is in such a deep sleep that waking them suddenly
can send them into shock, and their heart could stop.
But the truth is there’s no evidence for this.
It’s actually more dangerous when you’re doing the walking.
The worse that could really happen is that a sleep walker
is just gonna be confused when they wake up.
In some rare cases, they are so dazed that they
在某些罕见的情况下 他们会非常茫然 以至于他们
could panic and lash out.
Sleep researchers say that if you find someone
sleep walking, gently guide them back to their bed.
But if they look like they’re going to hurt themselves
by stumbling around at night, then it’s time to wake them.
But be wary of a punch coming yo way.
Realistically it’s not going to happen, unless
the individual you’re waking is Conor McGregor,
in which case I say just let him sleep.
Number nine was the forbidden fruit was an apple.
In the Bible the famous story of Adam and Eve states
that they were the first two people who ever lived.
Their home, of course, was the garden of Eden, and
at its center was the tree of knowledge,
and in the pond
around that tree was the knowledge whale.
The story goes that Adam and Eve ate the fruit
from the tree, which gave them knowledge of good and evil.
Now whenever someone tells this story, or draws
a picture of it, the fruit is usually an apple.
But the truth is there’s no mention of what the fruit
actually is in the Bible itself.
Most researchers believe that the error comes
from different translations.
The Latin words for evil and apple are
actually very similar, hence the confusion. Well,
实际上非常相似的 所以导致了这种混淆 好吧
I guess no one will ever really know what the fruit was.
All we do know is that it was delicious and succulent and…
Anyone else hungry?
Number eight is we have five senses.
It’s often stated that human beings only have five senses: taste,
smell, touch, vision, and hearing.
嗅觉 触觉 视觉和听觉
But as you guessed, this is wrong.
In reality we have way more than five senses.
In fact, we may have as many as 12.
These include all kinds of things; like a sense
of temperature, the sense of time passing, sense of balance,
sense of thirst, and many more.
The myth of five senses can be traced all the way
back to ancient Greece.
In facet the philosopher Aristotle claimed that we
have five senses, 2300 years ago.
In more recent times this myth has been further spread
by people referring to alleged psychic powers
as the sixth sense. Realistically,
if there was such a thing as psychic power,
it would be called something like your 21st sense. But,
then again, that’s a terrible name for a movie.
And Bruce Willis would not approve.
Number seven is slaves built the pyramids.
And this idea is still spread around to this day.
But in truth, the people who worked on the pyramids
were not slaves at all.
They were actually free individuals.
Everything from craftsmen to professional builders,
and were highly regarded for doing an important job:
constructing the tombs of the pharaohs.
A lot of people assume slaves were involved in the
building of the pyramids because it was such
a monumental task.
It made sense that in a time where slavery was common,
the cheapest labor had to be used.
We now know that the builders of the pyramids were
not slaves at all, and in fact,
that they were so well
regarded that they were buried in their own tombs
near the pyramids of the pharaohs themselves.
Now that’s prime real estate!
Number six is water makes your fingers wrinkle.
It makes other things wrinkle too. Toes,
toes I’m referring to.
What’d you think?
Most people swear that water makes
their fingertips prune up.
After all this commonly happens after taking a shower,
or a bath.
It’s commonly believed that the water soaks into the skin
causing it to wrinkle.
When the skin dries, it becomes smooth again.
But the truth is, and this is gonna blow your mind,
skin is actually waterproof.
It’s not the water getting into the skin that causes it to wrinkle. Instead,
when a person is immersed in water, it’s the brain
that reacts to it.
It increases heart rate and perspiration, which then
causes blood vessels in the fingertips to contract; and then presto,
you have wrinkly little pruney fingers.
It’s believed that this happens to give us a better grip
in wet conditions, which is pretty handy if you
在潮湿的环境下 这非常困难 如果你
fall in the pool, which I’ve never done, of course.
I’ve done it, once or twice.
Number five are humans evolved from chimpanzees.
It’s often claimed that human beings evolved
directly from chimpanzees, but this is technically incorrect.
They may be our closest relatives in the animal kingdom,
but chimpanzees didn’t evolve into us.
If you trace our collective family tree back far enough,
you’ll find that we share a common ancestor
with the chimpanzee.
It was an ape-like creature that came way
before both species.
At some point millions of years ago, this species evolved
into two separate animals.
One went on to become us,
and the other split off to
become other apes that we see in the world today,
including the chimpanzee.
So instead of evolving from a chimpanzee, we’re kind of
like evolutionary siblings.
In other words, we evolved alongside each other.
That explains why I like bananas so much.
I’m kinda hungry now; excuse me.
Number four are goldfish have a three second memory.
I have a terrible memory.
Goldfish forget things after just a few seconds,
or at least that’s what people think.
But it’s not actually true.
In fact, goldfish have pretty good memories.
Definitely better than me.
I can’t remember what I ate for breakfast this morning.
They can remember things for at least several weeks,
and can even be trained to remember events months
after the fact.
In 2008, researchers did a little experiment to see
just how good a goldfish’s memory is.
They would play a specific sound every time they fed
a group of goldfish.
Kind of like a dinner bell. Eventually,
the fish were released into a fish farm,
and five months later the researchers played
the sound again, and the same fish followed it,
remembering that it meant that they were going to be fed.
This research proves two things.
One that goldfish have complex memories, and two
that you should never tell your secrets around a goldfish,
’cause it’s gonna tell somebody.
Loose lips sink ships.
Number three is the great wall and space.
You’ve probably heard the claim that the Great wall of China
is the only man made object that can be seen from space.
But it’s not true.
Other man made structures are also very visible.
In fact, it’s often almost impossible to see
the Great Wall from space with the naked eye.
It’s only visible in perfect viewing conditions
from a really low orbit of about 100 kilometers
above sea level.
Most astronauts spend their time at a much higher orbit
at the International Space Station, between 330 kilometers
and 435 kilometers way up there.
And from there the Great Wall can’t be seen.
But believe it or not, many other man made structures can.
They include the 209 kilometer square
Great Almeria Greenhouse in Spain, and the
Great Bingham Canyon Mine near Salt Lake City.
And if the sunlight hits my head, ding, at just
而且如果阳光打到我的头上 叮 在
the right moment, you can see it from space as well.
Number two are bats can’t see.
It’s widely believed wisdom that bats can’t see.
They fly around in the dark, live in caves, and
它们在黑暗中飞来飞去 住在洞穴里 并且
suck people’s blood.
Oh wait, no, that’s vampires.
哦等一下 不 那是吸血鬼
But still, many believe that bats can’t see a thing.
But the truth is, most bats can see just fine.
In fact, many of the 1300 species of bats
have great eyesight, and can use it for hunting.
The common misconception that bats can’t see is because
people know that many bat species
use echo location when flying.
This means that they produce sounds and then, depending
on how those sounds echo off of nearby objects,
they can navigate around them.
It’s like nature’s very own radar.
But despite this amazing talent, species like
the brown long eared bat combine their radar skills,
as well as their eyesight to hunt down flying insects.
It also means that they can see crucifixes, which means…
Oh wait, no, that’s vampires again. Sorry,
哦等一下 不这又是吸血鬼了 对不起
And number one is the earth revolves around the sun. Okay,
okay, many of you are gon na be like,
what, how’s that? No,
just hear me out.
Most people believe that earth revolves around the sun.
But as crazy as this sounds, that is technically wrong.
What the earth actually does is revolve around the center
of our solar system’s mass.
That means that everything that’s in our solar system; the planets,
moons, comets, asteroids, and the sun itself,
月亮 彗星 小行星 以及太阳本身
has its own center of gravity, and that’s what
we orbit around. Now,
the reason that people believe that we
orbit around the sun is because it kind of looks like that.
This is because the sun accounts for 99.87% of
our solar system’s mass.
That means that the center of our solar system
is usually very close to the sun itself. But,
it can be as much
as a few hundred thousand kilometers
away from it.
It’s kind of like a cosmic optical illusion.
Now whenever someone mentions that the earth orbits the sun,
you can laugh smugly and enjoy correcting them.
Or don’t; it might not make you very popular.
Actually the earth doesn’t revolve around the sun.
That’s a technicality.
See there’s the mass and things like that. Okay,
you’ve walked away. Okay.
So that was 10 completely false facts
that everyone believes, except not anymore,’cause I’ve
完全错误的事实 但是现在不是了 因为我已经
explained it to you.
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Thank you guys for watching.
I’ll see you when the earth revolves around the sun next time.
Just kidding. Bye, bye.
– Fact; you can’t be held responsible for spreading