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10本每个学生应读的书 – 2017书推荐 – 译学馆
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10本每个学生应读的书 - 2017书推荐

10 Books EVERY Student Should Read - 2017 Book Recommendations

Hey, what is up guys?
嘿 最近好吗
So, I have got some book recommendations for you today
今天我推荐一些书
and I am doing these in the middle of the summer
我在暑假中期做推荐
so for those of you who want to get ahead
就是为了那些想在新学期开始前
before the school semester starts.
就“先飞”的“学霸”
You’ll have at least a month and a half.
你还有至少一个半月的时间
Right, Martin? About two months, maybe?
是吧 马丁 也可能是两个月
So, I’ve got 10 books.
我推荐十本书
Why am I holding up two fingers?
为什么我举了两个手指
That’s not 10.
这不是十
10 books that I think every student should read,
十本我认为每个学生都应该读的书
starting with my favorite book from last year
就从去年我一直喜欢的那本书开始吧
which is Deep Work by Cal Newport.
卡尔·纽波特的《深度工作》
This book is at the top of my list
这本书居我推荐单的榜首
because it tackles the number one problem
因为它解决了我收到的邮件 推特 和评论
that I get emails, tweets and comments about.
的首要问题
Which is, I can’t focus.
——很难集中精力
I can’t stop procrastinating.
我无法战胜拖延症
I can’t get into the flow of my work.
无法顺利地完成我的工作
And this is something I struggle with
而这些困扰我的问题
just as much as most students
也恰恰困扰着很多学生
and I think this book really helped to point out the fact
此外 我觉得这本书真的揭露了真相
that when we get these cravings for novelty,
当我们对新奇事物好奇时
cravings to check our Snapchat or our Instagram,
就像对玩快拍和刷ins这些东西好奇
or just distract ourselves from our work and we act on them.
或工作中开小差去玩自拍或刷ins时
We’re actually ingraining a habit and we’re weakening
我们其实是在慢慢形成这个习惯
that focus muscle in our heads.
同时也在不断弱化我们大脑中“集中注意力的肌肉”
And by contrast, by avoiding those distractions
反过来 通过远离这些让人分心的东西
and by sticking with our work
专心工作
we actually become more able to focus.
则会让我们更能集中注意力
And when that was explicitly stated to me,
而当我清楚地了解到这些后
I took it more seriously
我会更认真地对待这个事实
and I found it really, really helpful in my work.
我发现真的很有助于我的工作
Book number two on my list
我书单上的第二本书
is A Mind for Numbers by Barbara Oakley.
是芭芭拉·奥科里的《数字头脑》
Now this is the learning how to learn book.
现在是《学习之道》这本书
In fact, there’s a course over on Coursera.org
在coursera.org这个网站上有相关课程
that you can take for free called Learning How to Learn
课程是免费的 名为“学习之道”
and it’s created by the same person
这个课程也是本书的作者开设的
and this book is basically the companion to it.
本书的内容与课程内容是同步的
And even though the subtitle here is How to Excel at Math and Science.
虽然副标题是“怎样学好数学和科学”
This really is a book
而《怎样学好数学和科学》也确实是一本
about general learning skills.
讲通用学习技巧的书
Now, this book has a lot to offer
这本书讲的很多
so I can’t really summarize the whole thing here
在这里我不能总结全文
but a couple of the key lessons I took away from the book.
但我从中选取了很重要的几章:
Were number one, the process of memory formation
第一 记忆形成的过程
how bits become chunks.
一段 一段的记忆怎样整合成成块的记忆
Which, are essentially loosely grouped bundles
也就是整合成块的记忆
of information that are connected through meaning.
这些记忆都是通过意义联系在一起的
And it talks about how to efficiently form those chunks.
并且书中提到怎样高效地形成这些记忆块
And it also talks about the focused mode of thinking
还提到聚合思维模式
and the diffused mode of thinking.
和发散思维模式
Now, these are two complimentary forms of thinking.
这是两种思维模式
Focused Mode is what happens when you sit down
“聚合模式”产生于你坐下时
and you focus on a problem with intensity
注意力高度集中高思考问题时
and you’re mainly using your prefrontal cortex
这时你主要运用的是
when you do this.
你的前额皮质
But the Diffused Mode of thinking is just as important
但“发散思维模式”也一样重要
and it uses a lot more of your brain
且它会更多运用大脑
and it’s kind of what happens when you background process
发散思维则产生于你休息一段时间后
a problem by taking a break or sleeping on it.
运用你的知识背景解决问题时
And a good example is, if you ever try to think of a word
举个例子 当你想到一个单词时
and it’s on the tip of your tongue
就在嘴边但是说不出来
but you just can’t get it and then you take a break,
这时休息一下
or you go for a walk,
或散散步
or you wake up from a nap later and it comes to you.
或小憩后醒来就想起来了
So, these two modes of thinking help you to solve problems
这两种思维模式都能帮你完美解决问题
in a complimentary way and this books highlights
这本书重点强调了
the importance of taking breaks so you can use
稍事休息的重要性
that diffused mode just as much as the focused mode.
如此你就可以一起运用发散模式和聚合模式
Third book on my list is Getting from College to Career
第三本书《从大学到工作》
by Lindsey Pollak and I think this is a great introduction
作者林德赛·珀拉克
to a lot of the career skills that you’re gonna need
本书是你所需职业技能绝佳介绍
to be able to get a job or the job that you want
能帮你毕业后
after you graduate from college.
找到一份理想工作
Now, I was gonna put So Good They Can’t Ignore You
接下来这本《优秀到无法忽视》
by Cal Newport at this spot in the list,
作者卡尔·纽珀特
but I’ve already talked about that book in the past.
我之前谈到过这本书
And while that talks about
既然这本书说的是
that big overarching passion, hypothesis question.
超越一切的激情 假设性的问题
You know, what do I do with my life?
那么 我又该如何对待我的生活呢
This book really gets into the details
这本书真的谈的很细
and into the trenches of how to get a job
也详细谈到怎样找工作
and how to stand out amongst the competition.
怎样在竞争中脱颖而出
Talks about interviewing, how to build a resume,
谈到面试 怎样做简历
how to build your online web presence,
怎样做网页
all the skills you need to learn
所有你需要的技能
to be able to get that job that you want.
学会就能得到那份你想要的工作
Fourth book on the list.
第四本书
Some of you definitely guessed it would be on here.
你们可能会猜到它
The Power of Habit by Charles Duhigg.
《习惯的力量》 作者查尔斯·杜希格
Yes, I’ve talked about this book before
是的 我之前说过这本书
but I really think you should give it a read
但我真的认为这本书值得一读
if you haven’t done so already.
如果你还没读的话
And the reason for that is that habits form
推荐理由就是 习惯能很大程度
so much of our behavior
影响行为
and when you know how to intelligently build strong ones
并且当你知道如何理智地养成习惯
and break the ones that you don’t wanna have,
并能破除不良习惯时
that are hurting you then you’re gonna be so much more
你会更成功
successful and you’re not gonna be wasting
也不会在你想完成的事上
as much of your limited willpower
太多有限的意志力
on the things you wanna get done.
太多有限的意志力
Book number five on my list is Spark,
第五本书是
the Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and the Brain
《运动改造大脑》
by Dr. John Ratey.
作者约翰·瑞迪博士
And I’m recommending this book for two different reasons.
我推荐这本书有两个原因
Number one, it is a surprisingly detailed introduction
第一 本书从生物层面对你大脑如何工作
to how your brain works on a biological level
作出了详细得惊人的介绍
and I found that very interesting.
我认为很有意思
But also, for a certain subset of you out there
但对于你们某些人来说
the scientific explanation of how exercise affects the way that you learn
对于 运动如何影响学习方式
and can improve your overall brain health
并提高大脑整体健康水平
can be a powerful motivator to get
作出的科学性解释会成为为养成运动习惯
into the habit of exercising more often.
的强大动力
And, I know from experience that as a student
并且 从我个人的学生经历来说
or when you’re just busy in general
你在忙的时候
it can be really tempting to put off exercising in lieu of giving yourself more time
很可能会想忙完再运动 这样自己会有更多时间
to get your work done.
把工作做完
But just like Cal Newport talks about in Deep Work,
但就像卡尔纽波特在《深度工作》中所述
the intensity of your focus times
你注意力的集中程度乘以
the time you put in, equals your productivity.
你投入的时间等于产出(工作绩效)
And when you don’t exercise,
当你不锻炼时
you’re robbing your brain’s ability
你根本就是在强迫大脑
to focus intensely and work efficiently at all.
来更集中更有效地工作
Book five point five, Anime Club.
本书的第五点 动漫俱乐部
‘Cause there could be no higher aspiration
因为对学生而言 任何志向
for a student than to run their own anime club.
都比不上运营自己的动漫俱乐部
Very serious recommendation right there (laughs).
很严肃地推荐哦(笑声)
Alright, so the sixth book on my list
好 第六本书
is The Productivity Project by Chris Bailey.
《别让无效努力毁了你》 作者克里斯·贝利
And this book is my favorite general introduction
我最喜欢这本书对
to the concept of productivity.
效率这一概念的概括介绍
Now, when most people think of productivity
现在 人们一提起效率
they think of time management,
就会想到时间管理
but in this book Chris is very careful to stress
但在这本书里克里斯很严肃地强调了
that not all hours are created equal
不是所有的时间都能创造出价值
and productivity is the product
效率是
of your time, attention, and energy.
你的时间 注意力和精力的产物
So to that end, the book goes through a ton
所以到最后 这本书贯穿了
of different productivity topics including procrastination,
许多不同的效率话题 其中包括拖延症
how to focus on your tasks without getting distracted,
怎样不分心地专心工作
how to avoid multitasking, how to batch tasks,
怎样避免同时处理多个任务 怎样分批处理任务
plan your day intelligently,
明智地规划一天
and gets into things like meditation.
学会像冥想一类的活动
I also like how every chapter ends with a challenge.
我也喜欢每一章结束时的一个挑战
So, if you wanna start putting things into action
所以 如果想开始行动
he gives you a lot of direction to do so.
他也提供了很多指示
The 7th book on my list
第七本书
is The Happiness Equation by Neil Pasricha.
《重塑自我:如何成为一个很幸福的人》作者尼尔·帕斯理查
I put this book on my list
我推荐这本书
because a lot of us aren’t actually very good
是因为我们并不擅长
at knowing what’s going to make us truly happy
知晓怎样才能让自己获得真正的快乐
when we’re planning out our career goals
当我们规划职业目标
or other life goals.
或其他人生目标时
We might look at what society seems to value
我们可能会更在意社会看重什么
or we might trick ourselves in different ways.
或者我们可能会用不同方式自我欺骗
But as Neil’s research points out in this book
但就像尼尔在这本书里做的研究一样
a lot of people who are rich, or in positions of power,
许多富人 政要
executives of big companies, they’re not actually happy.
或是大公司的执行官 他们并不真正快乐
Now this book goes through a lot of different things
本书还讲了很多不同的事
and there’s a lot to think about
都能让我们思考很多
but one of the biggest lessons
但这些大事其中之一
that I took away personally from this book is
就是我个人从中摘取的一句话
that milestones don’t actually make us happy.
里程碑不会带来快乐
And this is something that I’ve had to deal with
这也是我生活中
quite a bit in my life.
必须解决的问题
I mean, if you look right down there
我的意思是 从这儿往下看
at that subscriber count that’s something that I use
订阅者的数量是
as sort of a marker for my success in my YouTube career.
我在YouTube上的职业生涯是否成功的标志
But, I remember the day when I hit 100,000 subscribers
但我还记得订阅者达到10万的日子
it didn’t feel any different.
我并没觉得不同
The bar just kind of moved to a million
那个订阅者的标记条达到到一百万时
and it didn’t make me any happier.
我也没觉得我更高兴
So, I realized that happiness actually comes
由此 我发现快乐实际上来源于
from the fulfillment in the work itself,
完成工作这一过程
not in the external rewards.
而不是额外的奖励
And when you can internalize that and accept it,
当你内化这一概念并接受它
you’re gonna be a lot happier on a day to day basis.
你会一天比一天更高兴
Alright, so we are now to book number eight in the list
好了 现在讲第八本书
and that book is Steal the Show by Michael Port.
《演讲的艺术》 作者迈克尔·波特
Which is a book all about communication.
这是是一本关于沟通的书
Now, a lot of this book deals
这本书主要讲
with how to give a great speech.
如何做好演讲
How to prepare for it.
如何准备演讲
How to master your body language.
如何熟练运用肢体语言
How to get an ovation from the audience at the end.
如何在最后得到观众的喝彩
But it also deals with a lot of interpersonal communication.
同时也讲到了人际交流
Networking, job interviews, negotiation tactics,
联络 工作面试 谈判策略
and for that reason I think it’s a great
我认为很不错
all around communication skills book that you should read.
书中的沟通方法你应该读一读
Book number nine is Your Money,
第九本书
The Missing Manual by J.D. Roth.
《管好你的钱》作者J.D.罗斯
Which is a great introduction to personal finance.
本书是对个人理财的介绍
Now, there are a ton of personal finance books out there
现在市面上理财书泛滥
and I actually run a personal finance podcast myself
我就是自己的理财顾问
so I can’t tell you this is the best introduction
我不能说本书是世界上最好的
to personal finance in the world
理财介绍
but it’s the one that I read and I found it very helpful
但却是我认为很有用的一本书
for learning how to manage my money,
无论对于学习如何管理金钱
how to pay off my debt faster,
如何快速偿清债务
and how to start investing smartly.
如何明智地开始投资
And that brings us to my final pick on this list,
现在就来看我单子上的最后一本书
my ultimate book recommendation for you, which is,
我最后推荐的书是
not actually any specific book at all.
根本不是任何一本具体的书
At this point in the video, I want to encourage you
在视频中的这时候 我想鼓励你
to go out and indulge your interests.
走出去 沉溺于你的兴趣
Productivity for productivity’s sake is useless
为了效率而效率是没用的
so you need to be able to do something
所以你需要用这些从上述书中学到的
with all these personal development tips
关于个人发展的建议
that you’re learning from all these books
做成一些事
I’m recommending you.
我建议你这么做
The problem is, a lot of people who get interested
问题是 许多人只对
in self-development, in productivity, they go too narrow.
自我发展 效率感兴趣 太狭隘了
They stick to the recommended lists by online gurus
他们拘泥于网上大牛的荐单
and they never actually branch out
从不超出范围
and become experts in something unique.
然后变成独一无二的专家
So, if you have an interest, indulge it.
所以 如果你有某一方面的兴趣 就沉浸其中吧
Go read a book about the history of the telegraph
去读有关电报的历史书
and at the next party you’re at, you’ll be able
在下一次的聚会上
to tell a cool story that nobody else will know.
你就能讲出其他人不知道的事了
So, hopefully you’re not too disappointed
希望你对于我的书单上只有九本书
that I only really had nine books on the list
不会太失望
but I did think it was important
但我认为最后申明这一点
to mention that at the end.
很重要
And, I’m gonna have links to all those books down
此外 我还打算在后面的说明中把所有这些书联系起来
in the description below so definitely check them out.
就能很清楚啦
And on that note, of indulging your interests
在那篇笔记上
and going and learning new and unique things,
去接触学习新奇的事物
I wanna recommend a channel that I really like to you guys.
我想给你们推荐个频道
And that channel is Wisecrack.
wisecrack
Now, there are a lot of education channels on YouTube
现在YouTube上有太多教育频道
but Wisecrack is one of my favorites for the way
但wisecrack是我最爱的课程之一
that they seamlessly blend nerd culture and education.
就因为他们将书呆子文化和教育无缝衔接的授课方式
They do it in a lot of different ways
他们用不同的方式
with a lot of different series,
不同的系列来衔接
including the Philosophy of series
包括哲学系列
which takes anime and movies and video games,
通过动漫 电影 电子游戏
TV Shows and it looks at the philosophy
和电视节目等方式
that underpins their stories.
让哲学就像贯穿于故事之中
So, I’m gonna put one of my favorite recent videos
现在我要放我最近最喜欢的视频
from that series right there.
这是那个系列中的一节
The Philosophy of One Punch Man, along with the Thug Notes
一击男的哲学和暴徒笔记
analysis of my absolute favorite book of all time
分析了我一直以来都喜欢的书
The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, right there.
《银河系漫游指南》 就在这
Definitely check those out and go give them a subscription
仔仔细细地查下这些频道
if you like their channel
如果喜欢他们就订阅吧
and thank you guys so much for watching.
感谢收看
Hopefully you found this video helpful.
希望这段视频能帮到你
Give it a like if you did and I will ya’ next week.
喜欢的话 就点个赞吧 下周见

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十本学生应该读的书 涵盖广泛 部部精华 不容错过 快来快来

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