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塞尔维亚十佳游览地

10 Best Places to Visit in Serbia

塞尔维亚十佳游览地
10 Best Places to Visit in Serbia.
塞尔维亚曾因罗马人 土耳其人 哈布斯堡王朝人以及其他国家的纷争而饱受战火
Serbia today is a blend of cultures,having been fought over by the Romans
如今这里多种文化融合
Ottomans, Hapsburgsand other people in its war-torn past.
现在是一个娱乐的地方
Now it’s a place for fun,
在最美的景致环绕下从喧闹的派对到啤酒嘉年华
from rowdy parties to beer festivals, in some of the most scenic spots around.
在这里东西方文化碰出火花
It’s where Eastern culture meets Western culture
在这里中世纪城市与壮观的森林并存
where medieval cities with imposing fortresses
同时古老的修道院展现着其魅力
and ancient monasteries ooze charm.
噢 这个国家也有一些非常棒的溜冰场
Oh, and the countryhas some pretty darned good skiing, too.
塞尔维亚最佳游览地概述
An overview of the best places to visit in Serbia:
第十 尼什
10: Nis.
尼什是一座充满活力的大学城同时也是塞尔维亚第三大城市
The lively university townof Niš, Serbia’s third largest city
是贝尔格莱德和索菲亚或斯科普里之间非常重要的中转站
is a useful stopover pointbetween Belgrade and Sofia or Skopje.
它是欧洲和巴尔干半岛各国中最古老的城市之一
It is one of the oldest cities in Europe and the Balkans
历史可追溯至公元前279年
dating back to 279 BC.
君士坦丁堡的建立者君士坦丁大帝出生于此
Constantine the Great,founder of Constantinople, was born here;
在市中心可以看到他的纪念碑
his memorial can be found in the city center.
同样在市中心还有一些由土耳其人在18世纪建造的堡垒遗迹
Also in the city center are remains of an 18th century fortress built by the Turks.
看起来很阴森 但也别具一格的是由塞尔维亚人的头骨所建成的骷髅塔
Gruesome, but unique to see, is Skull Tower built from the skulls of Serbians
这些塞尔维亚人是被奥斯曼人斩杀
who were decapitated by the Ottomans.
尼什的东南方是尼什矿泉村
Southeast of the city is Niška Banja,
它有助于治疗风湿类疾病
which help treat rheumatic disorders.
第九 恶魔城
9: Devil’s Town.
侵蚀是塞尔维亚最宏伟的岩石群之一——恶魔城形成的主要原因
Erosion is responsible for one of Serbia’s most majestic rock formations, Devil’s Town,
它因其奇特的岩石形状而得名
which got its name from the strange rock shapes.
当地传说这些岩石是一场婚宴的参与者
Local legend saysthe rocks are members of a wedding party
他们被魔鬼的强酸性水石化
petrified by the devil Extremely acidic water
也被称为恶魔之水
known as Djavolja voda, or devil’s water
正是它导致了这种地质现象
which also contributed to this geologic phenomenon.
坐落于塞尔维亚南方
Located in southern Serbia
恶魔城由200多独特岩石群组成
Devil’s Town is composed of more than 200 unique rock formations
从地形来看 这一城堡散布于
that tower over the landscape which is spread over two valleys
塞尔维亚Radan山脉中两个山谷的山坡上
on the slopes of Radan Mountain in southern Serbia.
这些石柱正在进行一项工作
The pillars are a work in progress
他们倒塌后为新的石柱形成提供成长空间
they collapse and thenleave room for new formations to grow.
第八 科帕奥尼克山国家公园
8: Kopaonik National Park.
科帕奥尼克山是塞尔维亚最高的山
Kopaonik is the highest mountain in Serbia
在1981年被建为国家公园
becoming a national park in 1981.
这里道路崎岖且风景优美是塞尔维亚主要滑雪胜地所在
Rugged and scenic, the park is home to Serbia’s main ski resort
雪场建有25条索道 每小时运力达32000人
with 25 lifts that can handle 32,000 skiers an hour
雪地可以从11月持续到次年5月
the snow lasts from November to May.
夏天这里是一个远足的好地方
It’s a great place to hike in the summer
这里有着大量的动植物群
with an extensive array of flora and fauna.
这座山脉也因其矿产财富闻名
The mountain also is known for its mineral wealth
这里曾有金 银 铁以及锌矿
with gold, silver, iron and zinc mined here in the past.
这个公园也有着独特的岩石群其中许多都有自己的名字
The park also sportsunique rock formations, many of which have names
还有温泉 间歇喷泉以及瀑布
hot springs; geysers and waterfalls.
第七 普里兹伦
7: Prizren.
普里兹伦曾一度是中世纪塞尔维亚的首都
Prizren may have beena capital of medieval Serbia at one time
但是如今它是科索沃的一部分仍有着自己的选举政员
but today it is part ofKosovo with its own elected officials
尽管塞尔维亚认为它是一个非法独立的地区
though Serbia considersit an illegitimately separated province
但是塞尔维亚人只是少数派
and Serbians are a minority.
这儿最具吸引力的是中世纪的普里兹伦古堡
The top attraction here is the medieval Prizren Fortress
它在四个半世纪的奥斯曼帝国统治下变成了现在的样子
that got its present lookfrom 4-1/2 centuries of Ottoman rule.
普里兹伦是一个非常适合散步的城市
Prizren is a good walking city
因为几乎所有建筑都聚集在一起
since most everything is close together.
市中心有几个教堂
Several churches can be found in the city center
其中以Jovis女神教堂最为著名
with the Church of Our Lady of Jovis most notable
因为它是中世纪塞尔维亚建筑文化的一个壮丽代表
since it’s a magnificent example of medieval Serbian architecture.
第六 德达普国家公园
6: Derdap National Park.
中国有三峡
China may have its Three Gorges
而德达普国家公园有四峡
but Derdap National Park has four gorges
四峡穿山越谷 绵延115公里(72英里)
that stretch 115 km (72 miles) through the valleys.
其中一个名为gospodinov峡谷中
One Gorge, gospodinov
有着世界上最深的河流之一
it has one of the deepest rivers in the world.
这些峡谷一起组成了德达普峡谷
These gorges combine to make Derdap gorge
或者称为铁门峡谷
also known as the Iron Gate
因为它是喀尔巴阡山脉的南入口
because it is thesouthern entrance to the Carpathian Mountains.
这个公园坐落于多瑙河
The park is located on the Danube River
在壮观的Golubac堡附近
near the imposing riverfront Golubac fortress.
这个公园是广大动植物群的家园
The park, which is hometo an abundance of flora and fauna
是塞尔维亚游客最多的地区之一
is one of the most visited areas in Serbia
因水电站而形成的湖泊尤其吸引游客
particularly thanks toa lake formed by a hydroelectric plant.
第五 斯图德尼察修道院
5: Studenica Monastery.
斯图德尼察修道院坐落于塞尔维亚的中心
The Studenica Monastery, located in central Serbia
有着许多文化源泉以及重要元素
has plenty of, well, factor
最初只有茂盛的绿草地和两座白色大理石教堂
starting with lush green grass and two white marble churches
即国王大教堂和圣母大教堂
Church of the King and Church of the Virgin
这座12世纪的修道院广为人知
This 12th century monastery is best known
却是因其杰出的13及14世纪拜占庭壁画
however, for its outstanding 13th and 14th century Byzantine frescoes paintings
以及其他可以在修道院各式教堂中找到的华丽装饰品
and other ornate decorations that can be found in various churches at the monastery.
作为塞尔维亚最富裕的修道院 它名符其实
This fits in with the monastery’s reputation as the richest monastery in Serbia
同时它也是所有塞尔维亚传统修道院的母版
and the mother of all Serbian Orthodox monasteries.
塞尔维亚以及这座修道院的创建者斯特凡·纳曼亚
Stefan Nemanja,who founded Serbia and the monastery
便葬于这片土地之下
is buried on the grounds.
第四 兹拉蒂博尔
4: Zlatibor.
兹拉蒂博尔是塞尔维亚西部山脉中广受欢迎的旅行目的地
Zlatibor is a popular tourist destination in the mountains of western Serbia.
它有完善的设施能让你保持愉快和健康
It’s filled with facilities to keep you happy and healthy
冬季可以滑雪 夏天可以远足
from skiing in the winter to hiking in the summer.
兹拉蒂博尔最高山托尔尼克上坐落着一个滑雪胜地
A ski resort is located atTornik, the highest mountain at Zlatibor
每小时可以容纳5400名滑雪者
runs are capable of handling 5,400 skiers an hour.
这里风景特别优美
The region is very scenic
有广阔的草地和古雅的历史村庄
with large meadows and quaint historic villages.
最具吸引力的是古老的木教堂以及旧房屋聚成的露天博物馆
Old wooden churches and an open air museum filled with old houses are top attractions.
在对这个地区一天的探索之后
After a day spent exploring the region
可以尽情享受这儿兹拉蒂博尔熏火腿的风味
savor the flavors here of Zlatiborian prsuta
肉干 斯力伏维茨酒 梅子酒
a dried meat, and slivovitz, a plum brandy.
第三 诺维萨德
3: Novi Sad.
诺维萨德是多瑙河畔一个迷人的城市
Novi Sad is a pretty city on the banks of the Danube River
有着这条河畔最美的沙滩之一
home to one of the rivers best beaches.
以欧洲标准而言诺维萨德是一个年轻的城市
A young city by European standards
它建立于17世纪末期
it was founded in the late 17th century
这座塞尔维亚第二大城市弥漫着一种闲散气氛
Serbia’s second largestcity sports a laid-back atmosphere
人们在众多的公园里放松
with people relaxing in the many parks
最著名的或许是六月的年度Exit音乐节
It’s most famous, perhaps, for its annual Exit music festival held in July
在名为彼特罗瓦拉丁的古堡中举办这座古堡从未被攻克过
at Petrovaradin, an old fortress that’s never been conquered.
著名的建筑有坐落于中心广场的老市政厅
Notable buildings include the old town hall, located on the main square
Dvorac Dundjerski——一座保存完好的古堡
Dvorac Dundjerski, a well-preserved old castle
以及一座塞尔维亚正教会教堂——圣乔治教堂
and Church of the Great Martyr St. George, a Serbian orthodox church.
第二 苏博蒂察
2: Subotica.
苏博蒂察 塞尔维亚第五大城市
Subotica, the country’s fifth largest city
它作为塞尔维亚最佳游览地之一
is one of the best places to visit in Serbia
至少有以下两个原因
for at least a couple of reasons:
它有着数量最多的天主教徒
It has the highest Catholic population
以及整个国家最具“新艺术”风格的建筑
and the most art nouveaubuildings of anywhere else in the country.
特别要注意的是市政厅和犹太教会堂
Of particular note are the city hall and the synagogue
两者都建于20世纪早期
both built in the early 1900s.
但这座建于中世纪之前的城市
But this city, which predates the Middle Ages
同时也因其古老的建筑而著名
also is known for its older buildings
包括建于1797年的Avila圣特丽萨大教堂
including the Cathedralof St. Theresa of Avila, built in 1797.
咖啡厅遍布的中心广场
Cafes around the main square
是市政厅及其蓝色喷泉的位置所在
home to city hall and its blue fountain
是休闲娱乐的好地方
are a good place to relax
或者欣赏一下Buvljak的商品
perhaps admiring purchases from Buvljak
它是欧洲最大的跳蚤市场之一
one of the largest flea markets in Europe.
第一 贝尔格莱德
1: Belgrade.
贝尔格莱德是塞尔维亚的首都以及最大的城市
Belgrade, Serbia’s capital and largest city
并不是一直都像如今一样迷人
wasn’t always the pretty city it is today.
贝尔格莱德位于多瑙河和萨瓦河的交汇处
Located at the confluence of the Danube and Sava rivers
有着饱经摧残的历史:
Belgrade has a destructive past:
它被卷入过115场战争 被烧毁44次
It was fought over in 115 wars and burned 44 times.
如今这个城市已经和平多了
Today, the city is more peaceful
举办有许多的活动从书展到音乐节 电影节以及啤酒节
hosting numerous events ranging from book fairs to music, film and beer festivals.
带有博物馆和教堂的贝尔格莱德城堡是这座城市最著名的历史重地
The Belgrade Fortress is the city‘s most famous historic site with museums and churches
也是俯瞰两大河流以及城市全景的好地方
It’s also a good placeto view the rivers and the city itself.
最好的博物馆包括收藏着超过四十万展品的国家博物馆
Top museums include the National Museum, with more than 400,000 exhibits
以及尼古拉·特斯拉博物馆
and the Nikola Tesla Museum
里面收藏着这个发明家的私人物品和文献
with thousands ofthe inventors’ personal items and documents.

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作为首个对中国免签的欧洲国家,塞尔维亚有着怎样的旅游价值呢?本视频将为你详细介绍

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