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以色列十佳游览地 – 译学馆
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以色列十佳游览地

10 Best Places to Visit in Israel

以色列十佳游览地
10 Best Places to Visit in Israel.
对于一个新泽西州大小的国家来说
For a country the size of New Jersey,
以色列的多样性使人吃惊
Israel is startlingly diverse.
在这个中东国家 几乎每个去到的地方
Almost anywhere you travel in this Middle Eastern country,
你都会遇到《圣经》上提到的历史宗教遗址
you’re sure to come across historic religious sites mentioned in the Bible.
你也会遇到古老的罗马遗址
You’ll also come across ancient Roman ruins
以及其他可追溯上千年的考古遗迹
as well as other archaeological ruins dating back thousands of years.
如果你不喜欢这些古老的东西
If old things aren’t your cup of tea,
以色列还拥有很棒的海滩 很好的户外环境
Israel has some great beaches, good outdoor opportunities,
以及久经洗礼的文化景象
and a sophisticated cultural scene.
一起领略一下以色列十佳游览地概述吧
An overview of the best places to visit in Israel.
第十 拿撒勒
10: Nazareth.
拿撒勒是加利利最大的城市
Nazareth, the largest city in Galilee,
被称为该国的阿拉伯人首都
is known as the Arab capital of the country
因为它的居民主要是以色列的阿拉伯公民
because its residents are predominantly Arab citizens of Israel.
拿撒勒是基督徒的一个朝圣地
Nazareth is a pilgrimage destination for Christians
因为《圣经》上记载这是约瑟夫和玛丽的故乡
because the Bible says it was the home of Joseph and Mary
因此也是耶稣的童年家乡
and hence the childhood home of Jesus.
就是在这个古城 天使加百利降临
This ancient city is where the angel Gabriel appeared to tell Mary
告诉玛丽她将会生下耶稣
she would give birth to Jesus.
因此 拿撒勒有时也被称为基督教发源地
Because of this, Nazareth is sometimes called the cradle of Christianity.
这座古城拥有的天主报喜堂
Its Old City boasts the Church of the Annunciation,
是中东最大的天主教堂
the largest Catholic church in the Middle East.
你也可以多花点时间 逛逛别致的街道
Take time, too, to walk the picturesque streets
看看多姿多彩的当地市场
and visit the colorful local market.
第九 凯撒利亚
9: Caesarea.
凯撒利亚既古老又崭新
Caesarea is both ancient and new.
大希律王建造它来纪念给了他这座城的
It was founded by Herod the Great in honor of Caesar Augustus,
凯撒·奥古斯都
who gave him the city.
1952年凯撒利亚成了以色列唯一一座
In 1952, it became the only city in Israel
被私人政府管理的城市
to be governed by a private corporation.
在古迹公园你将看到大量来自大希律王建造活动的遗迹
Antiquities park is where you’ll find ruins from Herod’s extensive building campaign.
走在古城中 你将发现更多的古迹
You’ll also find more ruins by walking through the old city
或许你会想在赛马场还原一场赛马比赛
or maybe you’ll want to take in a re-enactment of horse races in the hippodrome.
新的凯撒利亚是现代化且高端的
The new Caesarea is modern and upscale.
你可能会想在海边晒日光浴
Maybe you’ll want to sunbathe on the sandy beaches,
打高尔夫球或者参加每年的爵士节
play golf or take in the annual jazz festival.
第八 雷蒙天坑
8: Ramon Crater.
雷蒙天坑是内盖夫沙漠发现的
Ramon Crater is the largest of three erosion craters
三个天坑中最大的一个
found in the Negev Desert.
地质地形被认为是几百万年前
The geological landform is believed to have started forming millions of years ago
海洋开始消退时形成的
when the ocean began receding.
又经过了几百万年的时间天坑才成了如今这样
It was a few more million years before it became the crater it is today.
群山环绕
Ringed by mountains,
华美的天坑超过450米(1500英尺)深
the colorful crater is more than 450 meters (1,500 feet) deep
近40千米(25英里)长
and nearly 40 km (25 miles) long.
游客可以进入这个世界上最大的侵蚀天坑
The world’s largest erosion crater is accessible to the public,
当你步行或是骑车或是开车路过时
you can ogle the varying terrain as you hike,
你可以欣赏这变化多端的地形
bike or drive through it.
而野营者或许会喜欢呆在贝都因人经营的营地
Campers may enjoy staying at a campsite run by Bedouins.
第七 海法
7: Haifa.
以色列或许是犹太人的国家
Israel may be a Jewish state,
但吸引游客来到海法这个
but it is another religion that draws visitors to Haifa,
全国第三大城市的是另一种宗教
the country’s third largest city.
它位于地中海
Located on the Mediterranean,
巴哈伊世界中心是这个美丽城市最大的观光圣地
this pretty city’s biggest tourist attraction is the Baha’i World Center
在那儿有着巴布神殿和美丽的花园
with its shrine of the Bab and beautiful gardens.
海法是重要的港口以及工业城市
Haifa is primarily a port and industrial city,
但在这里仍然有很多值得参观的地方
but it offers a variety of things to do.
以色列的国家科学博物馆
The Israel Museum of Science,
是游客量最大的博物馆
Technology and Space is its most visited museum.
艺术也同样重要
The arts are important, too,
艾因霍是大约100个艺术家和手艺人的故乡
with Ein Hod, home to about 100 artists and craftsmen.
海法还有着很棒的沙滩 是冲浪以及航行的好地方
Haifa has nice beaches and is a good place to surf and sail.
第六 加利利海
6: Sea of Galilee.
加利利海是地球上海拔最低的淡水湖
The Sea of Galilee of Galilee is the lowest freshwater lake on earth,
也是世界上第二低的湖泊
and the second lowest lake in the world
最低的是盐水湖 死海
– the lowest being the saltwater Dead Sea.
耶稣或许就是在山上的
Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount was supposedly
一个小山丘上远眺着这死海布道的
given on a hill overlooking the sea.
这对于基督朝圣者来说是个受欢迎的地方
It’s a popular destination for Christian pilgrims
他们都想看看耶稣走向水里的地方
who want to see where Jesus walked on water.
65千米(40英里)长的耶稣登山步道
The 65-km (40-mile) long Jesus Hiking Trail
可以通往耶稣担任牧师的地方这里是另外一个吸引游客的地方
that visits places where Jesus worked his ministry is another draw.
这里是湖水流入约旦河的地方
People also come from all over the world to be baptized
人们从世界各地来到这里接受洗礼
at the spot the lake flows into the Jordan River.
第五 特拉维夫市
5: Tel Aviv.
特拉维夫市——以色列第二大城市
Tel Aviv, Israel’s second largest city,
是国家的金融中心
is the country’s financial hub.
但这并不意味着你应该略过这里
But that doesn’t mean you should skip coming here
因为这有许多可看的景可做的事
because there’s lots see and do,
尤其是如果你喜欢夜间活动的话
especially if you’re into nightlife.
特拉维夫市是著名的派对之城
Tel Aviv is known as a party city,
是典型的不夜城
as one that doesn’t sleep.
这个城市是民族歌剧以及爱乐团的故乡
The city is home to the national opera and philharmonic orchestra.
许多旅游出版物调查结果中
Several travel publication surveys
这座城市都名列以色列最佳游览地之一
rank the city among the best place to visit in Israel;
它也是著名的支持LGBT的城市
it’s also famous for being LGBT friendly.
它的一些地中海沙滩是世界一流的
Its Mediterranean beaches are some of the world’s best.
这座城市还有一些杰出的博物馆 包括大流散博物馆
The city has several outstanding museums, including Beth Hatefutsoth
它记载了几世纪以来犹太人遭受的迫害
that tells the story of Jewish persecution over the ages.
第四 埃拉特
4: Eilat.
埃拉特是在红海沿岸的古老城市
Eilat is an ancient city on the Red Sea
一直从所罗门王以来都是一个港口城市
that’s served as a port city since the days of King Solomon.
埃拉特是以色列最南端城市
Eilat is Israel’s southernmost city.
它豪华的海滩以及干爽的气候
Its sumptuous beaches and an arid climate
使得它成了重要的度假胜地
contributes make it a major resort city.
在这里有着世界一流的潜水活动
It has some of the best diving in the world,
很可能是由于这里美丽珊瑚礁的缘故
likely due to the beautiful coral reef located here.
如果你潜水 你有望看到海洋生物令人震惊的大阵列
If you dive, expect to see an astounding array of sea life.
其他的景点还有王城
Other attractions include King City,
这是一个高科技的且以《圣经》为基础的家庭主题公园
a high-tech Bible-based family theme park;
鸟瞰全城 埃拉特位于欧洲和亚洲的主要移民路线上
bird watching– Eilat is on the main migration route between Europe and Africa;
还有提姆纳河谷公园
and Timna Valley Park,
这里是所罗门石柱以及世界上最古老的铜矿的发源地
home to Solomon’s Pillars and the world’s oldest copper mine.
第三 死海
3: Dead Sea.
这被叫作死海是有理由的
The Dead Sea got its name for a reason.
因为这里几乎是海洋含盐量的10倍
It’s almost 10 times as salty as the ocean,
造就了任何生物难以生存的严酷环境
making it a harsh environment for anything to grow in.
死海位于海平面以下400米(1400英尺)
And at 400 meters (1,400 feet) below sea level,
这是陆地上最低的海拔
it’s the lowest elevation on land.
数千年来
For thousands of years,
死海的盐和矿物被用作化妆品原料
the salt and minerals from its water are used in cosmetics.
死海的水和泥被证明有医学利用价值
Dead Sea water and mud have medically proven benefits,
可以长期缓解一些严重的皮肤病和关节问题
putting severe skin diseases and joint problems into long-term remission.
所有的沿岸豪华酒店都有保健温泉
All the luxury hotels along the coast have health spas,
通常都提前一个月被预订的满满的
which are often booked solid for months ahead.
第二 马察达
2: Masada.
马察达位于以色列南部高原俯瞰死海
Situated on a high plateau in southern Israel overlooking the Dead Sea,
是第一次犹太战争中
Masada was the last Jewish holdout
最后一批犹太人抵抗罗马进攻所坚守的阵地
to fall to Rome at the end of the First Jewish–Roman War.
马察达是第一个被大希律王在公元前一世纪后驻起防御工事的城市
Masada was first fortified by Herod the Great in the late first century BC.
公元66年 西卡尼――爱国犹太人从罗马那夺回了要塞
In 66 AD, Sicarii Jewish patriots captured the fortress from the Romans,
罗马在之后的几年一直试图夺取回来
who tried to take it back seven years later.
900名西卡尼宁可选择集体自杀
Rather than live under Roman rule,
也不愿意活在罗马统治下
the 900 Sicarii opted for mass suicide.
如今马察达是古老以色列的一个标志
Today Masada is a symbol of ancient Israel
也是罗马保留下来的防御工事最好的一个例子
and one of the best examples of Roman fortifications remaining.
缆车则是准备给那些不太喜欢
There’s a cable car for those who don’t fancy taking
走各种不同小路登顶的人
one of the various different paths that lead up the hill.
第一 耶路撒冷
1: Jerusalem.
耶路撒冷是世界上最古老的城市之一
The heart of Israel beats strongly at Jerusalem,
以色列的心脏在这片土地上强有力的跳动着
one of the oldest cities in the world.
尽管这里以和平城市著称
Though it’s known as the City of Peace,
但仍有一段充满斗争的历史
it has a violent history.
这里被攻击了52次
It’s been attacked 52 times,
被摧毁了两次并被包围了23次
destroyed twice and besieged 23 times.
这里被三大宗教视为圣城
It is considered a holy city by three major religions:
分别是犹太教 基督教和伊斯兰教
Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
这个历史老城被分割成4个地区 分别住着
Its historic Old City is divided into four quarters:
犹太人 基督徒 亚美尼亚人以及穆斯林
Jewish, Christian, Armenian and Muslim.
你可以走在耶稣走过的苦路上 在神庙西墙祷告
Here you can walk in Jesus’ footsteps on the Via Dolorosa pray at the Western Wall,
参观圣墓教堂
see the Church of the Holy Sepulcher,
基督徒相信耶稣在这里被埋葬
where Christians believe Jesus is buried,
然后游览中世纪城堡――大卫塔
and tour the Tower of David, a medieval citadel.

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视频概述

以色列这个神奇的国家,保留着古老的宗教神秘色彩,又有着崭新的面貌。

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