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英格兰十佳游览地

10 Best Places to Visit in England

英格兰十佳游览地
10 Best Places to Visit in England.
英格兰是一处游览佳地
England is a great place to visit,
无论游客是头一回出国还是经常出国旅游
whether travelers are making their first or umpteenth trip abroad.
部分原因是因为
That’s partly because
对于讲英语的人来说 不存在语言障碍
the language barrier isn’t there for English speakers,
尽管人们在这里能听到来自世界各地的语言
though one can hear languages from throughout the world spoken here.
第一次来英国的游客可能只想去些著名的景点
First-time visitors may just want to hit the highlights in England,
比如威斯敏斯特教堂 或是在伦敦的骑士桥购物
such as Westminster Abbey or shopping at Knightsbridge in London
或许还会去大学城走走 去巨石阵看看
and perhaps visit a university town or Stonehenge.
而再次光顾的游客可能会选择去荒野远足
Return visitors might opt for hiking on the moors,
仔细探访美丽村庄的各个角落
investigating the nooks and crannies of picturesque villages,
或是深入研究它们的遗产
or digging into their English heritage.
这些英格兰最佳游览地 一定会满足不同游客的需求
The best places to visit in England truly offer something for everyone.
第十 布莱顿
10: Brighton.
位于萨塞克斯海岸的布莱顿
Brighton, on the Sussex coast,
自19世纪中期以来 这里就成了著名的海滩度假地
has been a popular beach resort since the mid-19th century.
其闻名于世的原因就在于它临近伦敦市
Much of its popularity is due to the proximity to London,
所以也成了一日游的游客的旅游地
making it popular with day trippers.
海边坐落着雅致的维多利亚式老建筑
The beachfront is lined with graceful old Victorian homes
如今 它也成了旅游的住宿场所
that today provide tourist accommodations.
游客们可以在著名的皇宫码头漫步
Visitors will want to walk out on the famous Palace Pier
或者欣赏传统的英格兰花园
or admire the traditional English gardens.
这个城市有着充满活力的夜生活
The city has a vibrant night life,
许多演艺人员和运动员也都住在这里
and is home to many entertainers and athletes.
第九 英国湖区
9: Lake District.
位于英格兰西北部的坎比亚郡的湖区
The Lake District in northwest England’s Cumbria
是英国最大的国家公园所在地
is home to the country’s largest national park.
山区以远足和登山运动而闻名
The mountainous region is known for hikes and mountain climbing.
它是个著名的旅游景区
It’s a popular tourist destination,
每年吸引超过1500万的游客
attracting more than 15 million visitors annually.
园内有英格兰海拔最高的山 斯科菲峰
The park has the highest mounting in England, Scafell Peak,
以及最长的湖 温德米尔湖
and the longest lake, Windermere.
还有些游客可能会喜欢在山谷中漫步
Others may prefer more gentle walks through the valleys
同时细细品味十九世纪英国著名诗人威廉·华兹华斯的诗作
while they contemplate the works of William Wordsworth, a famous 19th century poet,
或是乘坐蒸汽火车穿过这片美丽的风景区
or riding a steam train through the scenic are.
第八 圣艾夫斯
8: St Ives.
圣艾夫斯市坐落于海滨
Located on the coast,
以前这里可能是个渔镇
St. Ives may be a former fishing town
但它仍然拥有英格兰西南部康沃尔郡唯一的港口
but it still has the only port in southwestern England’s Cornwall.
如今 这座风景如画的小镇大约住有1.2万人
Today this picturesque town of almost 12,000
是一个很受欢迎的度假胜地
is such a popular holiday resort
它于2010年和2011年均被评为英国最佳海滨城市
it was named the Best UK Seaside Town in 2010 and 2011.
如果要登山的话 有必要准备双舒适的步行鞋
Comfortable walking shoes are a must to get up the hilly,
狭窄的鹅卵石街道
narrow cobblestone streets that
两旁都是古色古香的建筑 有精品店和美术馆
are lined with quaint buildings housing boutiques and art galleries.
第七 巴斯
7: Bath.
公元60年 罗马人创立了该城市 并取名巴斯
Bath got its name because that’s what it was when it was founded by the Romans in 60 AD,
因为这里有大量温泉 罗马人在此建了许多浴池
who built baths here because of the hot springs.
巴斯的人气也在格鲁吉亚时期达到了顶峰
It reached its popularity peak in the Georgian years
那时名流贵族会聚在这里泡温泉
when the wealthy flocked here for spas.
除了因其水而出名
Besides being famous for its waters,
巴斯市也完美体现了格鲁吉亚建筑的风格
the city also is an excellent example of Georgian architecture.
如今 这座城市有着鲜活的文化景观
The city has an active cultural scene today,
精彩的现场戏剧表演以及诱人的美食
with live theatre and fine dining.
这座西南部的英格兰城市也是去参观气势宏伟巨石阵的基地
This southwestern English city makes a good base from which to visit the monolithic Stonehenge.
第六 剑桥
6: Cambridge.
剑桥是一座历史名城
Cambridge is an historic city
位于伦敦以北约80千米(合50英里)
about 80 km (50 miles) north of London
这里的剑桥大学是世界最顶尖的大学之一
that is home to the University of Cambridge, one of the top universities in the world.
它成立于1209年
It was founded in 1209;
在12.3万该市人口中 剑桥学生就占了近20%
its students make up almost 20 percent of the city’s 123,000 population.
参观完大学后
After touring the university,
游客也许会想在康河里搭船
travelers may want to take a boat ride on the River Cam,
参观收藏了大量古文物的菲茨威廉博物馆
visit the Fitzwilliam Museum with its huge collection of antiquities,
或是漫步于数学桥
or walk across the Mathematical Bridge
有些人认为它比威尼斯的古桥要好得多
that some claim is better than bridges in Venice.
第五 侏罗纪海岸
5: Jurassic Coast.
化石搜寻者可能会直奔侏罗纪海岸
Fossil hunters may want to make a beeline for the Jurassic Coast,
这是英格兰南部的一片区域 大致从伯恩茅斯到埃克斯茅斯
a section in southern England that runs roughly from Bournemouth to Exmouth.
这些岩石的形成可追溯到1.85亿年前
The rocks date back 185 million years to
当大陆板块相互碰撞
when the continents were crunching up against each other
然后再逐渐分离
and then drifting apart.
沿岸的博物馆对各个地区做出了详细说明
Museums along the way explain each region;
其中查茅斯是寻找化石的最佳地
Charmouth is the best place to find fossils.
化石搜寻者和所有游客都该在海滩上多走走
Fossil hunters, and all visitors, should take time to walk the beaches
或者去周边那些迷人的小镇看看
or visit the small charming towns along the way.
但要小心悬崖边的岩石 这些石头会随时坠落
Take care when walking near cliffs since rocks can fall at any time.
第四 牛津
4: Oxford.
牛津起源于萨克逊时期
Oxford dates back to Saxon England
当时这里被称为”Oxenaforda”
when it was known as Oxenaforda
它的意思是一群公牛可以穿越的河滩
or a place where oxen crossed a river.
如今 这里拥有英语国家最古老的大学 牛津大学
Today it is known as home to the oldest university in the English-speaking world, Oxford University,
它源于十二世纪
which dates back to the 12th century.
这座英格兰东南部小镇是牛津郡政府所在地
This southeastern England town, the county seat for Oxfordshire,
这里还拥有诺曼人城堡遗址以及基督教堂
also boasts the remains of Norman castles, and the Christ Church Cathedral,
同属一栋建筑的学院教堂和大教堂
a college chapel and cathedral rolled into one building.
全球精英学子汇聚于此
Because students come from all over the world to study here,
牛津也因此成为一个民族多元化的城市
Oxford is an ethnically diverse city.
第三 约克
3: York.
这座城市古墙环绕 历史遗产丰富
York is a walled city with a rich heritage
这里也是福斯河和乌斯河的交汇处
located where the River Foss meets the River Ouse.
当游客沿鹅卵石街道漫步时
Plenty of exciting sights compete for visitors’ attention
周边的各色奇景引游客流连
as they stroll along the city’s cobblestone streets.
这里最著名的地标要数约克大教堂
One of the city’s landmarks is York Minster.
这座宏伟的岩石大教堂 收藏了众多艺术作品
This commanding stone cathedral is filled with remarkable works of art.
中世纪的克利福德塔
The medieval Clifford’s Tower,
由英国国王威廉一世所建
which was built by William the Conqueror
亨利三世在13世纪予以重建
and rebuilt by Henry III in the 13th century,
在这里可以俯瞰整个城市
is a great vantage point for panoramic views around the city.
第二 埃夫伯里巨石阵
2: Stonehenge & Avebury.
作为英格兰最著名的旅游景点之一
One of the most popular places to visit in England,
巨石阵是在威尔特郡发现的一座史前遗迹
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument found in Wiltshire.
大约从公元前2500年
From about 2500 BC,
新石器时代和青铜时代的人开始搬运巨型的石块
Neolithic and Bronze Age man started to bring gigantic stones
这些石块来自威尔士和马尔伯勒丘陵地区
from Wales and the Marlborough Downs.
直到公元前1600年 巨石阵才得以完工
It was not until 1600BC that Stonehenge came to be completed.
除了浏览巨石阵 游客一定不能错过北面的埃夫伯里史前巨石遗址
A trip to Stonehenge is best combined with a trip to prehistoric Avebury to the north,
这里有更为壮观的巨石阵
which has an even bigger stone circle,
游客不那么拥挤且限制较少
with fewer restrictions, and far fewer tourists.
第一 伦敦
1: London.
说起伦敦 简直可以用无与伦比来形容
No superlative is too great when it comes to describing London,
它是英格兰和英国的首都
the capital of England and the UK.
这座热闹繁华的城市
This bustling city
从威斯敏斯大教堂到白金汉宫 其历史痕迹随处可见
is history personified from Westminster Abbey to Buckingham Palace
一定记得看白金汉宫的守卫换班
– be sure to watch the Changing of the Guards.
从骑士街到卡纳比街 这是条购物必去之地
Shopping, from Knightsbridge to Carnaby Street, is a must
别忘了乘坐双层巴士以及伦敦“tube”或伦敦地铁
as is riding a red double-decker bus and the “tube,” or subway
你会经常听到广播里的提醒“注意站台缝隙”
where one is constantly reminded to “mind the gap.”
伦敦还以其歌剧而闻名
London is also famous for live theatre;
别忘了演出结束后来酒吧喝上一杯
be sure to stop in at local pub for a pint after a performance.

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