ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

营造紧张感的精彩镜头 – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

营造紧张感的精彩镜头

1 Brilliant Moment of Tension

《边境杀手》的前四十分钟是我们近期看过的电影中 把紧张氛围营造地最好的一段之一
> > Speaker 1: First 40 minutes of Sicario are some of the best in recent memory.
最巧妙之处在于 穿过华雷斯边境大桥的一系列镜头
Culminating in the brilliance that is the Juarez border crossing bridge sequence. So,
于是 我们来深入其中
we’re diving in and
并把对维伦纽瓦的《边境杀手》里紧张氛围的营造的研究
for this entry into our brilliant moment series
作为我们这次精彩镜头赏析系列的开场
we’re looking at the structure oftension in Villenueve’s Sicario.
[音乐]
>> [MUSIC]
联邦调查局特工凯特·梅瑟领导了一次
>> Speaker 1: After an honorablemention-worthy raid on an abandoned
对亚利桑那州一座废弃房屋的重要突袭
Arizona house,led by FBI agent Kate Maser, reveals
在此次突袭中发现了 数十具藏在石膏板后的尸体和棚内大量的爆破装置
dozens of bodies inside the drywall and dozens of explosives rigged in the shed.
此次行动让凯特获得了一个可以参与到跨机构特遣部队中的机会
Kate finds herself offeredan opportunity on an inter-agency task
去抓住这次暴力事件的真正主使者
force to get the men who were really responsible for the violence.
但是这件事却又有些不对劲
But there’s something rotten in Denmark.
也许是因为这个自以为是
Maybe it’s the smug,
不分场合穿拖鞋的乔什·布洛林
need to know attitude of the besandled Josh Brolin, or
或者是当你隐约知道了
the implication that the somewhere
你们要去的厄尔巴索附近
near El Paso they’ll be going to is
其实是墨西哥的华瑞兹
actually Juarez, Mexico.
或者是由本尼西奥·德尔·托罗扮演的亚历杭德罗身上所隐藏的不为人知的危险秘密
And somewhere between the dangerousmystery of Benicio Del Toro’s Alejandro,
他们穿戴的军事硬件 以及在哪里会有行动的警告
the serious military hardware they’resporting, and the warnings about where an attempt will be made,
都使我们意识到 我们现在处于一个暴力速成班
we realize that we’re on a crash course with violence.
“三角洲部队
> > Speaker 2: Delta if you
“让大家认识一下你们 好让大家在情况不妙的时候
can identify yourself so everyone knows who to
“知道该躲在谁的身后”
hide behind when shit hits the fan.
所以 当约翰·约翰逊绝妙的带有阴郁色彩的配乐第一次缓缓响起时
> > Speaker 1: So, when Johann Johansson’s brilliantly grimy score swells for
我们来到了这座已经被毒贩集团控制了的边境小镇
the first time as we arrivein cartel-controlled Mexican
我们就知道有什么事要发生了
border town we knowsomething’s going down.
然后这种紧张感就不断地加剧
And the tension mounts, andmounts, and mounts, and mounts.
警车队在听到枪声后不得不转移行进方向
The convoy has to divertwhen they hear gunshots.
[音乐]
>> [MUSIC]
他们来到华瑞兹 带走囚犯
> > Speaker 1: They arrive at the Juarez prison to collect the prisoner.
“他们只会在边境搞事情”
If they try anything, it will be at the border.
他们身后跟着一个行为反常的州警
>> Speaker 1: They’re tailed bya rogue state police officer.
“我看到一辆车在九点钟方向”
>> Speaker 4: I spota vehicle nine o’clock.
最终 当我们在椅子上缩成一团 快要蹭破自己的椅背时
And finally, when we’ve just about cut our backsides on the edge of our seats,
我们回到了边界 然而 堵车了
we get back to the borde,and, gridlock.
而这里就是之前我们被提醒过三次
And this is where weexpect we’ve been told
最可能有动作发生的边境地带
three times already that the most likely attempt will be here at the border.
我们现在就在这
And here we are,
堵在车队里 周围都是汽车 其中很有可能就藏有敌人
stuck in traffic surrounded by cars, any of which could hold the enemy. Especially,
尤其 是这里这一辆 和那里的一辆
this one here,and, that one there.
这项行动的规则很明确我们绝不在敌方开火前动手
The rules of engagement are clear, we can’t fire until they fire.
我们不能在他们之前离开车子
We can’t exit the car until they do. So,
所以我们坐在车中等待 一直等啊等
we sit and we wait, wait and we wait.
一个摇下车窗的简单动作
And the simple act
就是打破平静 可能致命的
of rolling down a window is transformed from
转折
mundane to lethal.
紧张局势已经搭建好
The tension builds and we’re ready
我们也已经准备好迎接这一紧张时刻
about to bust when we get our moment.
[直升机螺旋桨转动声]
>> [SOUND]
[西班牙语]
[Foreign Language]
别动
Don’t move.
别 别 别 别 别 别
[INAUDIBLE]. No, no, no, no, no, no,
[西班牙语]
[FOREIGN]
[西班牙语]
[FOREIGN]
[枪声]
[SOUND]
“我们他妈的到底在做什么?”
>> Speaker 7: What the fuck are we doing?
真要命 是不是?
>> Speaker 1: Holy shit, right?
多棒的一个氛围营造 多么刺激的一个电影高潮
What a build up, what a climax.
如果你是一个紧张时会咬指甲的人那抱歉 这次你的指甲惨了
If you’re a nail biter, sosorry about your stubs.
如果你是一个胆小鬼 那么是时候成为一个硬汉了
If you’re a pants shitter,well that’s gotta be rough man.
所以是什么使得这个情节变得如此精妙?
So what makes this so goddamn brilliant?
总的来说 就是紧张感
In a word, it’s tension.
那又是什么营造了这种紧张氛围?
What makes this tension?
是怎么做到的呢?
How does Vilnu do that? Well,
让我们将这些画面缩小 将过桥的这一系列镜头看成一个整体
let’s zoom out a bit and take a look at the bridge sequence as a whole.
如果过桥的镜头是从这到这的话
If this is the bridge sequence from here to here,
在差不多四分钟的时间内
at about four minutes long,
我们只能紧张地等待
these parts are just tense waiting,
而在这些部分 则是在逐步加剧紧张氛围
these parts are ratcheting up the tension,
这些地方算是大高潮
these are the big crescendos,
行动只在这仅仅九秒钟内
and this all of just nine seconds is the action.
这其中大部分都只是等待
It’s mostly just waiting.
只是一直挑拨你情绪的呼吸声
It’s just baiting breath andbaiting breath, and baiting breath.
迟早会发生的打斗 却迟迟没有发生
It’s promises of violencethat keep not coming.
电影在这种情况下有几种方法来推迟行动?
How many ways do filmsdelay the action here?
首先 我们不知道这些人在哪里
First we don’t know where they are.
然后我们将窗户全部摇下 等待着
Then we open pour windows and wait,
交战规则使得我们不能下车
then can’t get out because of the rules of engagement.
然后我们的视角又转到敌方车里
Then we are in their car waiting
等着他们鼓起勇气下车
for them to master up the courage to get out,
等到他们下车 我们就尝试着
then they get out and we are trying
研究这段隐藏字幕 接着就是这段对话
to DS them and then there is the talking.
关键时刻就在于 那句“你们想找死吗”
The decision point do you wanna die?
从刚开始的镜头到话音刚落
And then only then about three minutes
我们用了三分钟 才进入卷入到了打斗当中
from the beginning of the sequence do we
这还不是全部
get our violence, that’s not all.
如果你看了整部冲突的镜头
If you watch the whole war sequence,
你会知道 我们实际上研究了13分钟的镜头
you’ll know we’ve actually been doing this for about 13 minutes.
这部分是紧张氛围的前奏
This is tense waiting, this is for
这里是紧张气氛的渲染 这里的声音逐渐增强
rationing up a tension, these are the big crescendos,
这些穿插在打斗中的等待时刻
these moments are scary, silent,
令人害怕 又寂静无声
waiting moments that break it up,
一定程度上是在为即将到来的风暴作铺垫
kind of the come for storm, and
在这段距离中 暴力冲突看起来就像这样
at this is distance,the violence just looks like this
为了九秒钟的打斗
>> [MUSIC]>> Speaker 1: That’s nearly 13 whole minutes,
电影用了将近13分钟来进行铺垫
built entirely aroundnine seconds of violence.
维伦并不着急进入这段打斗
Vilnu takes his time with it,
小导演的话可能就会迫不及待进入打斗部分了
where a lesser director may be tempted to rush to
但维伦知道这些悬疑的细节会更吸引观众
the actiony parts, Vilnu knows that the morbid details are way more interesting.
在小路上坐等三十秒 并不无聊
30 seconds sitting,waiting in alley isnt boring.
这是最令人兴奋的镜头之一
It’s one of the most exciting moments of the sequence,
因为我们是以凯特的视角
because we’re with Kate.
当意外出现时 观察着周围的每个角落
Looking around every cornerwhen things popped up.
并且维伦并没有提醒我们
And Vilnu is giving us enough
会有什么意外
clues that things will pop off and
这就是紧张感
that’s what tension is.
就是 我们隐约知道有事要发生 并为此担心
Apprehension about something we sort of seen coming,
却不知道具体会是什么
but not exactly what, and
何时会发生 以什么形式发生
not exactly when, and not exactly how.
这是一场关于暴力的滑稽秀
It is a burlesque strip show of violence,
它不断地提醒我们有什么会发生 却又迟迟无所行动
it is incremental promises of what’s to come followed by delays, and
当我们以为它已经迫在眉睫时 它却姗姗来迟
when we think it’s nearly uponus it’s still minutes away.
坦白来说
And if we’re being entirely
在去华瑞兹之前
honest the film really starts getting our hearts
这部电影就已经让我们心跳加速了
pumping well before we get to Juarez.
你可以对照我们的信息图表
You can follow along on our infographic.
在视频描述中 你可以看到全景
In the video description to see the full landscape,
但维伦纽瓦
but Villeneuve is
将悬疑和有暴力即将发生的暗示穿插在几乎整部影片中
planting suspicions and hints of violence to come for nearly the entire movie.
一切都只是为了到达这里
And it is all driving towards just this,
短短九秒的血腥暴力冲突 给我们揭示了它的庐山真面目
nine brief seconds of brutal violence, which brings us to the violence itself.
打斗并不浮夸 花哨或者有多行云流水
It is not glossy or slick or clever.
直面暴力 没有什么迂回战术
There are no tactics to the violence,
没有躲闪或者后退 只是向前冲
no dodging or back and
也没有用什么高明策略
forths or clever maneuvering. Instead,
只能称之为一系列行动的实施
it’s just a series of executions.
突然 迅速
>> [MUSIC]>> Speaker 1: Sudden swift,
高效 严肃
efficient humorless.
看看在一部连续动作电影中
Look at how the violence ebbs and
暴力冲突是如何起伏的
flows in a straight action film,
所有行动的细节都为了推动情节发展
where the details of the action are the plot.
《边境杀手》和这完全不同
It’s an entirely differentthing than Sicario,
其中的暴力冲突只是作为一个节点 强调了一下
where the violence is simply a plot point,emphasis on point.
巧妙的放缓枪击之前的进程
It is a perfect capstone on top
以及整个框架层次
of a brilliantly structure of sequences
这无疑使它成为精彩系列镜头设计的上乘之作
with smart pacing down to the shot andframe level.
这里是我们的准备工作
Here is our buildup.
我们一个个镜头来看
Shot by shot.
亚历杭德罗试图说服他们不要动手
Alejandro is trying toconvince them not to do it.
一再的压迫总会使人爆发
One long push as the kettle is boiling.
随着音乐的增强
Two shorter shots as the music crescendo.
这里就是敌方迈出第一步的千钧一刻
Here is the instant that the enemy first moves,
然后 砰 砰 砰 砰 砰
and then boom, boom, boom, boom, boom.
三秒钟内 快速地射击了五枪
Five quick shots in three seconds.
这段打斗刚开始就结束了
And just as soon as it started, it’s over.
打斗后的一个慢镜头就好像一个泄气的阀门
We get a slow shot like a blow off valve.
然后我们视角重回凯特这里
And then we return Turned to Kate.
这是一段我们不得不提的精彩时刻
This is an excellent time
这里的整段镜头 甚至电影的大部分
for us to mention that this entire sequence and
都是以她为镜头主体视角构造的
most of the whole film isstructured around her POV.
她是我们观众的代理人 我们看她所看
She is our audience surrogate,reacting as we react.
她的反应也正如我们一样
Watching as we watch.
尽管有时镜头仿佛给了我们一个上帝视角
Although the camera sometimes takes an omniscient
但通常情况下
In prospective it is usually
我们只能看到她看到的东西
constrained to things she can see,
经常很明显就是她的视角
and often to her explicit point of view.
并且我们会发现
And as we’ll see after every moment
每次打斗后 我们视线都会回归凯特
of violence we return to Kate for
看她的反应
her reaction.
所以有了这个镜头 就像我们之前说的
So we get it here, and just like we said,
直接切换成了她的视角
cut directly to her POV as it pivots from
视线也从第一部分转到了第二部分
the first part to the second,
然后我们几乎一模一样的重复了这个模式
and then we almost precisely repeat the pattern.
站在远离暴徒的地方 试着说服他不要这么做
Stand off, try to talk him out of it,
在音乐骤起时 射击一触即发
music swells Shots quicken.
他们中的每个人 只要稍微一动 就会被射杀
One of them makes a tiny move andthen boom.
三秒钟内的四次射击 就让他们全军覆没了
Four shots in three seconds andthey’re all dead,
就像第一辆车的情况一样
almost exactly like the first car.
我们形成了一个模式 然后重复行动
We’ve established a pattern andwe’ve repeated it.
但音乐并未减弱
But the music doesn’t let up.
所以 和之前一样 我们再来看看凯特
So just like before, we return to Kate.
我们看到了她的反应
We get her reaction.
切换到了她的视角
We cut to her POV.
先是观察四周
It scans the field and then
然后通过她的余光
out of the corner of her eye,
我们看到了最后的黑衣蒙面枪手:一名州警
we see the final black clad shooter,a state police.
正如之前对我们的警告所说
Exactly what we’d been warned about.
音乐高涨
The music swells.
很快开了枪 凯特躲过了去
The shots quicken, and then Kate moved.
以前每个打斗之前 都要由
Just as each moment of violence previously hinged
墨西哥非法毒贩分子的先行动作
around one of the Sonora
作为触发点
cartel members moving first,
而这次 凯特是他们的目标
this time, Kate is the target, and the pattern that
本来维伦纽瓦套用在毒贩身上的模式 现在反过来套用在凯特身上
Villeneuve has established against the cartel members, is now turned against her.
凯特的躲闪触发了它
Kate’s flinch sets it off.
因为我们习惯了这个模式
We’re so in tune with the pattern,
而它现在用来对付我们在这部电影里的代理人
that now it’s being used against our own surrogate.
这效果简直好了3000倍
And it’s about 3,000 times as effective.
紧张的节奏 骤升的音乐 以及恐惧感 都朝我们涌来
The pacing, the swell,the dread, is all pointed at us. So,
正如模板所定 凯特躲闪了 然后就是射击
so just like the pattern dictates Kate flinches and boom.
三秒之内 射了四枪
Four shots of violence in three seconds.
然后有一个凯特的反应镜头 之后结束
A reaction from Kate, and then it’s over.
符合了营造紧张感的三条原则
The rule of threes has been satisfied. Introduction,
引入 加强 颠覆
reinforcement, subversion. Finally,
早前的预言得到了印证
the promise that wasmade long ago, has been kept.
配乐也从低沉变为有节奏的 他们安全了
The music changes from drone to a beat,and they’re free.
伴随着最后一点对暴力行动的恐惧
With one final swell of dread
他们离开了这里 继续下一个事件
at the violence they’ve left in their
至此 用三十分钟铺垫的高潮就结束了
wake this sequence, a culmination of Thirty minutes of build-up is complete. Unfortunately,
遗憾的是 电影剩下的部分的精彩程度
the rest ofthe film never quite lives up
都达不到这个水平
to this level of brilliance. Sure,
当然 开场片段通过小规模运用这个套路
the opening set piece succeeds by following this formula
取得了成功
at a smaller level.
但是 电影剩下的部分
But the rest of the film wraps itself
有点过于受情节的束缚
up a bit too much in the plot and
还有很多的打斗镜头
lingers a bit too long on some
并没有足够的时间铺垫
of the violence that doesn’t dedicate enough
能像之前那样使我们高度集中
time to building us up tothe same fever pitch attention. So,
所以 这个镜头到底为何如此出彩?
why is this moment so brilliant?
因为它对于打斗场面的爆发处理得一丝不苟
Because it’s a meticulously executedexplosion of violence that has
用了几乎三十秒的时间营造紧张氛围来铺垫
almost 30 minutes oftension supporting it.
因为作为整个行动的高潮 的确能引起人们的紧张
Because it’s the culmination ofan entire act’s worth of anxiety.
因为它同样还是整部电影进行到现在为止
And because it isa brilliantly paced microcosm
节奏安排巧妙的一个缩影
of the entire film’s structure thus far. Creating,
将我们的期待进行创造 颠覆 巧妙处理 来达到一个完美的电影高潮
subverting, and manipulatingour expectations to a perfect climax.
所以 你意下如何?
So what do you think?
对这特别的镜头有其他想法吗?
Anymore thoughts aboutthis particular moment?
还是有其他想要细细深入研究的镜头?
Any other moment you’d like us to take a long hard look at?
在下方评论 好让我们知道
Let us know in the comments
记得订阅《电影小站》
below and be sure to subscribe for
观看更多内容
more Cinefix movie list

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

通过以对《边境杀手》前四十分钟镜头的赏析为例,分析营造紧张感的精彩镜头。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

任意萌

审核员

审核员 YF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-cEBguJj3dg

相关推荐